Appendix C

ARS Agricultural Research Service

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CFU colony forming unit

EIAO Enforcement Investigations and Analysis Officer

FSA Food Safety Assessment

FSIS Food Safety and Inspection Service

HACCP Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point

HAV hazard assessment verification

ICMSF International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods

IOM Institute of Medicine

IPPS in-plant performance system

IVT Intensified Verification Testing

LOI level of inspection

NACMPI National Advisory Committee on Meat and Poultry Inspection

NARMS National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System

NOIE Notice of Intended Enforcement

NR noncompliance record

PCR polymerase chain reaction

PFGE pulsed field gel electrophoresis

PHRBIS Public Health Risk-Based Inspection System

PR/HACCP Pathogen Reduction/Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point

RLm Routine Listeria monocytogenes

RTE ready-to-eat

SRM specified risk material

STEC shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli

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72 APPENDIX C STEPS System for Tracking E. coli O157:H7 Positive Suppliers USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture W3NR public health-related noncompliance record as identified by FSIS

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APPENDIX D Glossary Abeyance Temporary inactivity, cessation, or suspension. Adulterant Any substance that lessens the purity or effectiveness of another substance. ALLRTE Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) testing program for Listeria monocytogenes in which inspectors sample products at random. AssuranceNet FSIS web-based system that monitors field activities and helps ensure that its enforcement actions are consistent nationwide. Enforcement action Measure of an establishment’s ability to implement and maintain corrective action once a noncompliance is ob- served and documented. FSIS can take a variety of enforcement actions (e.g., notice of intended enforcement [NOIE], suspension, and inspection under consent order) against estab- lishments that fail to comply suffi- ciently with applicable requirements. 73