NERC (North American Electric Reliability Corporation). 2009. Accommodating High Levels of Variable Generation: Special Report. Princeton, N.J.

Newsweek. 2008. PayPal’s cofounder hopes to produce a practical $30,000 all-electric car in four years.

NPCC (Northwest Power and Conservation Council). 2007. The Northwest Wind Integration Action Plan. Portland, Ore. Available at

NRC (National Research Council). 2001. Energy Research at DOE: Was It Worth It? Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000. National Academy Press: Washington, D.C.

NYSERDA (New York State Energy Research and Development Authority). 2005. The Effects of Integrating Wind Power on Transmission System Planning, Reliability, and Operations: Report on Phase 2—System Performance Evaluation. Albany, N.Y. March.

OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development)/IEA. 2003. Creating Markets for Energy Technologies. Paris: OECD Publishing. Available at

Parsons, B., M. Milligan, J.C. Smith, E. DeMeo, B. Oakleaf, K. Wolf, M. Schuerger, R. Zavadil, M. Ahlstrom, and D.Y. Nakafuji. 2006. Grid impacts of wind power variability: Recent assessments from a variety of utilities in the United States. European Wind Energy Conference Paper. NREL/CP 500-39955. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy. July.

Patel, S. 2009. PV sales in the U.S. soar as solar panel prices plummet. POWER Magazine. March 1.

Pater, J.E. 2006. Framework for Evaluating the Total Value Proposition of Clean Energy Technologies. Technical Report NREL/TP-620-38597. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy. February.

Pernick, R., and C. Wilder. 2008. Utility Solar Assessment (USA) Study: Reaching Ten Percent by 2025. Washington, D.C.: Clean Edge, Inc.

Prometheus Institute: For Sustainable Development. 2007. U.S. Solar Industry: The Year in Review 2006. SEIA/Prometheus Institute Joint Report. Cambridge, Mass.

Roy, B.S., S.W. Pacala, and R.L. Walko. 2004. Can large wind farms affect local meteorology? Journal of Geophysical Research 109:D19101.

Sharman, H. 2005. Why wind power works for Denmark. Civil Engineering 158:66-72.

Sheehan, G., and S. Hetznecker. 2008. Utility scale solar power. Next Generation Power & Energy (5; October).

Sherwood, L. 2007. U.S. market trends: Solar and distributed wind. Presented at Interstate Renewable Energy Council, September 24, 2007. Long Beach, Calif.

Stern, G. 2008. Lassoing panhandle wind: Oilman plans huge complex. EnergyBiz Magazine (January/February):12-13.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement