A
America’s Energy Future Project

In 2007, the National Academies initiated the America’s Energy Future (AEF) project (Figure A.1) to facilitate a productive national policy debate about the nation’s energy future. The Phase I study, headed by the Committee on America’s Energy Future and supported by the three separately constituted panels whose members are listed in this appendix, will serve as the foundation for a Phase II portfolio of subsequent studies at the Academies and elsewhere, to be focused on strategic, tactical, and policy issues, such as energy research and development priorities, strategic energy technology development, policy analysis, and many related subjects.

A key objective of the AEF project is to facilitate a productive national policy debate about the nation’s energy future.

COMMITTEE ON AMERICA’S ENERGY FUTURE

HAROLD T. SHAPIRO, Princeton University, Chair

MARK S. WRIGHTON, Washington University in St. Louis, Vice Chair

JOHN F. AHEARNE, Sigma Xi and Duke University

ALLEN J. BARD, University of Texas at Austin

JAN BEYEA, Consulting in the Public Interest

WILLIAM F. BRINKMAN, Princeton University

DOUGLAS M. CHAPIN, MPR Associates

STEVEN CHU,1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

1

Resigned from the committee on January 21, 2009.



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A America’s Energy Future Project I n 2007, the National Academies initiated the America’s Energy Future (AEF) project (Figure A.1) to facilitate a productive national policy debate about the nation’s energy future. The Phase I study, headed by the Committee on Ameri- ca’s Energy Future and supported by the three separately constituted panels whose members are listed in this appendix, will serve as the foundation for a Phase II portfolio of subsequent studies at the Academies and elsewhere, to be focused on strategic, tactical, and policy issues, such as energy research and development pri- orities, strategic energy technology development, policy analysis, and many related subjects. A key objective of the AEF project is to facilitate a productive national policy debate about the nation’s energy future. COMMITTEE ON AMERICA’S ENERGY FUTURE HAROLD T. SHAPIRO, Princeton University, Chair MARK S. WRIGHTON, Washington University in St. Louis, Vice Chair JOHN F. AHEARNE, Sigma Xi and Duke University ALLEN J. BARD, University of Texas at Austin JAN BEYEA, Consulting in the Public Interest WILLIAM F. BRINKMAN, Princeton University DOUGLAS M. CHAPIN, MPR Associates STEVEN CHU,1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Resigned from the committee on January 21, 2009. 1 

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Electricity from Renewable Resources 0 Phase I Committee on America’s Energy Future Harold T. Shapiro, Chair Mark S. Wrighton, Vice Chair March 2008 National Academies Summit Committee Subgroups Panel on Energy Efficiency Technologies Energy Efficiency Lester B. Lave, Chair Maxine L. Savitz, Vice Chair Panel on Alternative Liquid Transportation Fuels Alternative Liquid Michael P. Ramage, Chair Transportation Fuels G. David Tilman, Vice Chair Panel on Electricity from Renewable Resources Energy from Renewable Resources Lawrence T. Papay, Chair Allen J. Bard, Vice Chair Energy from Fossil Fuels Nuclear Energy Electricity Transmission and Distribution Crosscutting and Integration Issues Phase II FIGURE A.1  America’s Energy Future Project. ALTF AEF A-1

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Appendix A  CHRISTINE A. EHLIG-ECONOMIDES, Texas A&M University ROBERT W. FRI, Resources for the Future CHARLES H. GOODMAN, Southern Company (retired) JOHN B. HEYWOOD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology LESTER B. LAVE, Carnegie Mellon University JAMES J. MARKOWSKY, American Electric Power Service Corp. (retired) RICHARD A. MESERVE, Carnegie Institution for Science WARREN F. MILLER, JR., Texas A&M University FRANKLIN M. (“Lynn”) ORR, JR., Stanford University LAWRENCE T. PAPAY, PQR LLC ARISTIDES A.N. PATRINOS, Synthetic Genomics, Inc. MICHAEL P. RAMAGE, ExxonMobil (retired) MAXINE L. SAVITZ, Honeywell, Inc. (retired) ROBERT H. SOCOLOW, Princeton University JAMES L. SWEENEY, Stanford University G. DAVID TILMAN, University of Minnesota, St. Paul C. MICHAEL WALTON, University of Texas at Austin PANEL ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY LESTER B. LAVE, Carnegie Mellon University, Chair MAXINE L. SAVITZ, Honeywell, Inc. (retired), Vice Chair R. STEPHEN BERRY, University of Chicago MARILYN A. BROWN, Georgia Institute of Technology LINDA R. COHEN, University of California, Irvine MAGNUS G. CRAFORD, LumiLeds Lighting PAUL A. DeCOTIS, Long Island Power Authority JAMES DeGRAFFENREIDT, JR., WGL Holdings, Inc. HOWARD GELLER, Southwest Energy Efficiency Project DAVID B. GOLDSTEIN, Natural Resources Defense Council ALEXANDER MacLACHLAN, E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (retired) WILLIAM F. POWERS, Ford Motor Company (retired) ARTHUR H. ROSENFELD, E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory DANIEL SPERLING, University of California, Davis

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Electricity from Renewable Resources  PANEL ON ALTERNATIVE LIQUID TRANSPORTATION FUELS MICHAEL P. RAMAGE, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company (retired), Chair G. DAVID TILMAN, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Vice Chair DAVID GRAY, Noblis, Inc. ROBERT D. HALL, Amoco Corporation (retired) EDWARD A. HILER, Texas A&M University (retired) W.S. WINSTON HO, Ohio State University DOUGLAS R. KARLEN, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service JAMES R. KATZER, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company (retired) MICHAEL R. LADISCH, Purdue University and Mascoma Corporation JOHN A. MIRANOWSKI, Iowa State University MICHAEL OPPENHEIMER, Princeton University RONALD F. PROBSTEIN, Massachusetts Institute of Technology HAROLD H. SCHOBERT, Pennsylvania State University CHRISTOPHER R. SOMERVILLE, Energy Biosciences Institute GREGORY STEPHANOPOULOS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology JAMES L. SWEENEY, Stanford University PANEL ON ELECTRICITY FROM RENEWABLE RESOURCES LAWRENCE T. PAPAY, Science Applications International Corporation (retired), Chair ALLEN J. BARD, University of Texas, Austin, Vice Chair RAKESH AGRAWAL, Purdue University WILLIAM L. CHAMEIDES, Duke University JANE H. DAVIDSON, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis J. MICHAEL DAVIS, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory KELLY R. FLETCHER, General Electric CHARLES F. GAY, Applied Materials, Inc. CHARLES H. GOODMAN, Southern Company (retired) SOSSINA M. HAILE, California Institute of Technology NATHAN S. LEWIS, California Institute of Technology KAREN L. PALMER, Resources for the Future

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Appendix A  JEFFREY M. PETERSON, New York State Energy Research and Development Authority KARL R. RABAGO, Austin Energy CARL J. WEINBERG, Pacific Gas and Electric Company (retired) KURT E. YEAGER, Galvin Electricity Initiative AMERICA’S ENERGY FUTURE PROJECT DIRECTOR PETER D. BLAIR, Executive Director, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences AMERICA’S ENERGY FUTURE PROJECT MANAGER JAMES ZUCCHETTO, Director, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems (BEES) AMERICA’S ENERGY FUTURE PROJECT STAFF KEVIN D. CROWLEY, Director, Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board (NRSB), Study Director DANA G. CAINES, Financial Manager, BEES SARAH C. CASE, Program Officer, NRSB ALAN T. CRANE, Senior Program Officer, BEES GREG EYRING, Senior Program Officer, Air Force Studies Board K. JOHN HOLMES, Senior Program Officer, BEES LaNITA JONES, Administrative Coordinator, BEES STEVEN MARCUS, Editorial Consultant THOMAS R. MENZIES, Senior Program Officer, Transportation Research Board EVONNE P.Y. TANG, Senior Program Officer, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources MADELINE G. WOODRUFF, Senior Program Officer, BEES E. JONATHAN YANGER, Senior Program Assistant, BEES

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