Karen L. Palmer is the Darius Gaskins Senior Fellow at Resources for the Future (RFF) in Washington, D.C., and the director of RFF’s Electricity and Environment Program. Dr. Palmer specializes in the economics of environmental regulation of the electricity sector and the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency programs. Her most recent work has focused on renewable energy and controls of multi-pollutants and carbon emissions from electrical generating plants. She has done extensive work analyzing different aspects of policy design for the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative. She is co-author of the book Alternating Currents: Electricity Markets and Public Policy. Dr. Palmer previously served as an economist in the Office of Economic Policy at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. She received a Ph.D. degree in economics from Boston College.


Jeffrey M. Peterson is currently the program manager for the Energy Resources Group at the New York State Energy Research and Authority, the primary research program for renewable and natural resource development. The goal of the program is to develop cooperative initiatives to introduce new energy and environmental technologies into the marketplace. Research projects range from partnering with New York State businesses to develop new technologies to supply the worldwide market for renewable energy, implementing a workforce training program for renewable technology, and sharing the risk of establishing new business enterprises or models to meet customer demand for renewable energy. He received B.S. and M.S. degrees in wood science and technology from the University of Massachusetts and an M.S. degree in industrial administration from Union College.


Karl R. Rábago is vice president for Distributed Energy Services with Austin Energy. Formerly the director of government and regulatory affairs for AES Wind Generation, he has nearly 20 years’ experience in the renewable energy and sustainability fields, having held positions in academia, business, government, and the not-for-profit sector. He has served as a deputy assistant secretary for the DOE, as a public utility commissioner for the State of Texas, and as a managing director and principal of the energy and resources team at Rocky Mountain Institute. Mr. Rábago chairs the board of the Center for Resource Solutions, which manages the Green-e Certification program for green power and renewable energy credit products. He has a bachelor of business administration degree in business management from Texas A&M University, a juris doctorate from the University of Texas, and



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