TABLE H.7 Estimated Opportunity Costs for Cellulosic Feedstocks (Net Returns Forgone by Producer from Not Using Cropland to Produce Next Best Crop or Product)

Type of Feedstock

Type of Cost

Cost per Acre (cited $)

Cost per Acre (2007$)

Reference

Corn stover

Feed value

59.5/ton

59.5/ton

Edwards (2007)

 

2.4 tons/acre

142.8

142.8

 

Corn stover

Lost profits

22–58

22–58

Khanna and Dhungana (2007)

Switchgrass

Lost profits

78–231

78–231

Khanna and Dhungana (2007)

Switchgrass or Miscanthus

Lost profits

78

76

Khanna et al. (2008)

Miscanthus

Lost profits

78–231

78–231

Khanna and Dhungana (2007)

Nonspecific

Lost CRPa payments if harvest every year

35

36

Mapemba et al. (2008)

Nonspecific

Lost CRP if harvest once every 3 years

10.1

10.4

Mapemba et al. (2008)

Nonspecific

Non-CRP land crops

10/ton

10.3/ton

Mapemba et al. (2008)

Nonspecific

 

78

76

Khanna et al. (2008)

Woody biomass

Alternative use

 

0–25

Summit Ridge Investments (2007)

Note: Opportunity costs were updated by using USDA-NASS agricultural-land rent prices from 1999 to 2007 (USDA-NASS, 2007a,b).

aConservation Reserve Program.



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