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Real Prospects for Energy Efficiency in the United States
Statement of Task for the AEF Panel onEnergy Efficiency Technologies
This panel will examine the potential for reducing energy demand through improving efficiency in transportation, buildings, and industrial processes using (1) existing technologies, (2) technologies developed but not yet used widely, and (3) prospective technologies. In keeping with the charge to the overall scope of the America’s Energy Future Study Committee, the panel will not recommend policy choices, but will assess the state of development of technologies. The energy efficiency panel will evaluate technologies based on their estimated times to readiness for deployment and will provide the following information for each:
Initial deployment times of less than 10 years: costs, performance, impacts;
Deployment times of 10 to 25 years: barriers, implications for costs, R&D challenges/needs;
Deployment times greater than 25 years: barriers, R&D challenges/needs (especially basic research needs).
The primary focus of the study will be on the quantitative characterization of technologies likely to be available for deployment within the next 10 years. The panel will provide details on the technical potential of improving efficient use of energy in the United States using existing technologies as well as consider the applicability of existing technologies in other nations. It will also assess the potential for improving energy efficiency by using technologies developed but not yet used widely in the United States or abroad, and by using prospective technologies with substantial likelihood of commercial use during the three deployment timescales described above.
gases or other pollutants; and can mitigate energy security risks associated with imported oil. The obvious benefits of energy efficiency technologies in making America’s energy supply more secure and environmentally sustainable, and the U.S. economy more competitive by reducing the prices of goods and services, deserve additional public attention.
The panel’s chair and vice chair thank the panel members and John Heywood for their hard work and insights—and apologize again to their family members for taking them away from other activities. The panel appreciates inputs provided in presentations by experts at its meetings (see Appendix C) and in writing (Anup Bandivadekar, International Council on Clean Transportation; Peter Biermayer, Sam Borgeson, Rich Brown, Jon Koomey, and Alan Meier, Lawrence