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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This workshop was supported by Contract No. AG-3K06-C-08-0034 between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-13728-7

International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-13728-4

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Cover credit: Top left: Urban corner store in Baltimore, MD, courtesy of Joel Gittelsohn. Top right: Fast food stock photo, with permission from Bottom left: Dollar store, courtesy of Joseph Sharkey. Bottom right: Enclosed urban grocery in Baltimore, MD, courtesy of Joel Gittelsohn. Center: Farmers market in Washington, DC, courtesy of Kamweti Mutu.

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine) and National Research Council (NRC). 2009. The public health effects of food deserts: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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