University, the University of California at Berkeley; Trent University, the University of Wisconsin; Memorial University of Newfoundland; and an online education program at the Western Behavioral Sciences Institute. His interests include sustainability science, marine ecosystem management, urban sustainability (provision of ecosystem services and effects on human well-being), sustainable development, the role of learning in environmental policy, and governance. He has an A.B. degree in experimental physics from Columbia College and a Ph.D. degree in experimental physics from Princeton University.

JOSEPH ARVAI is a professor of judgment and decision making in the Department of Community, Agriculture, Recreation, and Resource Studies and the Environmental Science and Policy Program, Michigan State University. He is also an adjunct professor in the Institute for Resources, Environment, and Sustainability at the University of British Columbia and a research scientist with Decision Research in Eugene, Oregon. His research focuses on environmental problems, mainly in terms of designing and testing decision-aiding approaches for risk and resource management, as well as choice and preference behavior more broadly. He frequently leads workshops to improve the decision-making skills of both resource managers and stakeholders, working across Canada, the United States, and internationally as a consultant to government agencies and nonprofit groups. He has a B.Sc. degree in ecology, an M.Sc. degree in oceanography, and a Ph.D. degree in judgment and decision making from the University of British Columbia.

GARRY D. BREWER is Frederick K. Weyerhaeuser professor of resource policy and management at Yale School of Management. Previously at Yale, he held the Frederick K. Weyerhaeuser and Edwin W. Davis chairs in the School of Management and in the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. He was director of the university’s Institution for Social and Policy Studies. He is a policy scientist who began at the RAND Corporation, where he was a senior staff member of the social science department. He has also held positions at the University of Michigan as a dean and as a professor in the School of Natural Resources and Environment, a professor in the business school, and as the founding director of the Erb Sustainability Institute. Later he was a professor in the Energy and Resources Group at the University of California at Berkeley. He was appointed by His Majesty the King of Sweden to be the King Carl XVI Gustaf professor of environmental sciences at the Royal Institute of Technology. He is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy and the World Academy of Art and Science. He has an M.S. degree from San Diego State University and a Ph.D. degree from Yale University.

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