JENNIFER F. BREWER (Program Officer) was a staff member at the National Research Council, working with the Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change. She is now an assistant scientist in the Institute for Coastal Science and Policy and an assistant professor in the Department of Geography, both at East Carolina University. Her recent research investigates models of environmental governance in fisheries management, including common property, market-based, and spatial approaches. She has worked with governments, nongovernmental organizations, and private industry in marine policy and international voluntary service. She was a John A. Knauss Sea Grant fellow of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the U.S. House of Representatives. She holds a B.A. degree from the University of Michigan, an M.S. degree in marine policy from the University of Maine, and a Ph.D. degree in human geography from Clark University.


CHARLES (CHIP) G. GROAT is interim dean at the Jackson School of Geosciences at the University of Texas at Austin. Previously, he held several positions at the University of Texas at El Paso, including associate vice president for research and sponsor projects, director of the Center for Environmental Resource Management, director of the Environmental Science and Engineering Ph.D. Program, and a professor of geological sciences. He has worked directly for many years in geological studies, energy and minerals resource assessment, groundwater occurrence and protection, geomorphic processes and landform evolution in desert areas, and coastal studies. He previously served as director of the U.S. Geological Survey of the U.S. Department of the Interior, executive director at the Center for Coastal, Energy, and Environmental Resources at Louisiana State University, executive director for the American Geological Institute, and assistant to the secretary of the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources, where he administered the Coastal Zone Management Program and the Coastal Protection Program. He has a Ph.D. in geology from the University of Texas at Austin.


MARTHA KREBS is deputy director for research and development at the Public Interest Energy Research Program of the California Energy Commission. The division is responsible for the Public Interest Energy Research Program, which conducts research to develop environmentally sound, reliable, and affordable electricity and natural gas services and products. Previously, she was president of Science Strategies, an analysis and consulting firm that works with public and private organizations to identify critical issues and opportunities in science and technology. Before establishing Science Strategies, she was an associate vice chancellor for research at the University of California at Los Angeles and founding director of the



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