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nancial channels, and the strengthening of control and protection measures for radioactive, chemical, and other materials.

Separate mention should be made of the sharply increased number of publications on problems regarding the analysis of sources, characteristics, and potential of international terrorism and ways of countering its threats. Several of these research areas are distinguished by their completely adequate scientific depth and logic; however, there is a clear lack of systemic research on the problems. At the same time, theoretical and applied systemic research on these problems would seem more than urgent for the development of practical antiterrorism approaches, inasmuch as systemic principles for the study of any types of threats primarily call for the most exhaustive possible structured knowledge of the enemy, including its goals and objectives; financial, material-technical, and professional potential; weapons; and many other characteristics. Potential terrorist targets must be categorized by their degree of accessibility and the level of damage their destruction would entail. These data represent the necessary foundation for organizing anti-terrorism efforts. Bringing such research to an adequate level of completion requires the involvement of specialized organizations and a significant number of highly qualified professionals with experience working in these areas.

The results presented in this report are possibly the first (if not the zero) semblance of systemic research in this field. It does not claim to be a comprehensive presentation of all the issues listed above and is oriented primarily toward the problem of megacities.

An analysis of open informational materials and works on the problem of combating terrorist activities in megacities under the new conditions attests to the pressing need to develop a nearly exhaustive list of methods adequate to respond to the widest possible range of threats and types of terrorist activity. In addition to traditional methods, unique means without analogues in the military sphere may be used in the commission of terrorist acts. This is due to the fact that at its current stage of development, society is experiencing rapid and poorly controlled growth in the number of emerging ideas in the development and detailed study of fundamentally new strike effects. These ideas could serve as the basis for the accelerated creation of a wide and diverse array of technical means based on the application of physical, chemical, and biological principles and new technologies that were traditionally used by the terrorists of the past. A terrorist act could be planned over the course of years. The means to be used, the methods for using them, and the scope of the entire operation could be limited only by the availability of financial resources (often enormous) and personnel.

In addition, a certain backwardness of thinking has been observed toward the problem of counterterrorist activities in the political, operational-investigational, informational-analytical, and organizational spheres, and this backwardness gives rise to a shortage of fundamental support for timely decision making in the development of methods and means for conducting counterterrorist activities in megacities. One result of this could be difficulties in efficiently reorient-



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