TABLE 4-1 Key Components of Tobacco Control Programs

Program Component

Program Goals


Tobacco-Free Culture

Prevent Tobacco-Use Initiation

Eliminate Exposure to Secondhand Smoke

Increase Tobacco Cessation

Eliminate Disparities in Tobacco Use Treatments

Communication interventions


Tobacco-use restrictions


Tobacco retail environment


Behavioral therapies and medications




Special populations


Surveillance and evaluation



introduction to possible applications in military and veteran populations. The applications are discussed in greater detail in Chapters 5 (DoD) and 6 (VA) along with policy and program barriers to wider use of the key components.

DoD and VA already have some of the policy and infrastructure capabilities, similar to those of states, that would allow them to develop and implement comprehensive tobacco-control programs. The capabilities include leadership, the ability to develop and enforce policies that affect all their constituents, and resources that may be dedicated for specific purposes such as tobacco control.


No tobacco-control intervention will be effective if it does not reach its target audience: tobacco users. Communication interventions must not only educate tobacco users and others about the hazards of

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