installations, while personnel are in uniform, and the location of designated tobacco-use areas.

Recommendation: Any tobacco use while in uniform should be prohibited.

Recommendation: Designated indoor and outdoor tobacco-use areas on military installations should be discontinued such that military installations are tobacco-free.

Education and Training Settings

New military recruits begin their enlistments by attending basic training or boot camp, which lasts for 8–12 weeks, depending on the service. The requirements for meeting Goal B.1 of the strategic plan, promoting a tobacco-free lifestyle and culture, also pertain to tobacco-use restrictions, including assessing and evaluating tobacco-use policies in the armed services for basic and initial skills training, assessing service policies on tobacco use by students and instructors during the duty day for all formal military training schools (such as basic training and officer-training school, technical schools, and professional military-education schools), drafting policy that extends the prohibition on tobacco use to cover all formal military training, and informing all personnel selected for such training of the armed services’ tobacco-free goal. Goal B.2, educating commanders on encouraging healthy lifestyles, requires the development of policy requiring instructors in formal positions to serve as “role models” regarding tobacco use in the school environment.

All of the armed services have tobacco policies that apply to basic training, to technical training, or to the service academies (the US Air Force Academy, the US Military Academy, and the US Naval Academy) (see Table 5-4). All of the armed services require recruits to be tobacco-free during basic training. They also state that instructors should not use tobacco products in the presence or line of vision of recruits. The committee notes that although the requirements for basic training are effective in eliminating tobacco use by new recruits during this time, loopholes in the policies governing instructors’ use of tobacco may send a contradictory message to recruits. For example, an instructor may smoke a cigarette out of the presence of a recruit, but residual tobacco odors on the instructor might make the recruit aware that the instructor smokes; such circumstances undermine the intent of the policy. Given the important role of instructors during basic training and their

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