influence on recruits, recruits might consider tobacco use after training to be acceptable.

A recent study evaluated the influence of role models on the initiation of smoking by US Air Force personnel who recently completed basic training (Green et al., 2008). The results indicated that previous nonsmokers were more likely to initiate smoking if they perceived that their military-training leader or classroom instructor used tobacco products (odds ratio [OR], 1.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12–2.56). Similarly, previous smokers were more likely to resume smoking if their military-training leader or classroom instructor used tobacco products (OR, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.29–2.94). Those findings highlight the importance of military education and role models during training in preventing tobacco use by new recruits.

TABLE 5-4 Tobacco-Use Restrictions in Military Education and Training Settings

Restriction

Army

Navy/Marines

Air Force

Basic training

Prohibited during initial entry training (IET) weeks 1-9; prohibited by cadre and soldiers in areas where they may be observed by IET soldiers (TRADOC Regulation 350-6, 2007)a

Use or possession of tobacco or tobacco paraphernalia prohibited in Recruit Training Command Instruction 5100.6K (May 2008)

Use or possession prohibited by non–prior-service airmen while on post or while in uniform (Air Force Instruction 40-102; AETC Instruction 36-2216); posters, pictures, or items regarding tobacco are prohibited in dormitories (AETC Instruction 36-2216, 2006)

Service academies

Prohibited in all buildings except Five Star Inn; commandant may designate smoking rooms if there is a separate ventilation system, nonsmokers prevail; may designate outdoor

Prohibited in uniform; may smoke only in designated areas (Commandant of Midshipmen Instruction 5400.6L, 2008); may not use tobacco on large training ships

Prohibited in all indoor areas; prohibited during duty hours or while in uniform; designed outdoor tobacco-use areas (Air Force Cadet Wing Manual 36-3501)



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