exposure to secondhand smoke and encouraging the perception that tobacco use is acceptable by DoD and the armed services.


Recommendation: Tobacco use should be banned on military installations and in all military aircraft, surface vehicles, and ships and submarines.

TABLE 5-6 Tobacco-Use Restrictions in Outdoor Areas

Restriction

Army

Navy/Marines

Air Force

Outdoor areas

Permitted in designated outdoor smoking areas; must have protection from elements, be more than 50 feet from points of entry or exit, and not be in areas commonly used by nonsmokers (Army Regulation 600-63); MWR facilities may designate similar outdoor smoking areas (Army Regulation 215-1, 2007)

Permitted in designated outdoor areas, away from common points of facility entry/egress, not in front of buildings or air intake ducts, and provide a measure of protection from the elements; areasm must be at least 50 feet from any building entrance, and proximity to areas used by other personnel should considered when designating areas (SECNAV Instruction 1500.13E, 2008)

Permitted in designated outdoor areas that are reasonably accessible and provide some measure of protection from elements; these areas may not be near points of entry or exit and must be at a distance that prevents smoke intake into buildings (Air Force Instruction 40-102, 2002)

TOBACCO RETAIL ENVIRONMENT

Historically, DoD has made tobacco products widely available to military personnel (Joseph et al., 2005; Nelson and Pederson, 2008; Smith et al., 2007). Until 1975, DoD provided free cigarettes in military meal packages (K and C rations). Over the decades, DoD sold tobacco products at deeply discounted prices in commissaries and exchanges (see Chapter 2 for a description of commissaries and exchanges). Tobacco products are still sold at discounted prices on military installations in



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