exchanges, commissaries (except for Navy and Marine Corps commissaries), and package stores (which are similar to commercial convenience stores).
Access to tobacco products on installations is regulated by DoD, the specific services, and even individual installations. Goal C.1 of the 1999 strategic plan, which is decreased accessibility and availability of tobacco products through pricing and restrictions, requires a determination of service practices for and of compliance with the prohibition of tobacco sales to persons under 18 years old; and it requires a draft of a policy that prohibits single-serve tobacco products (such as single packs) from being sold by self-serve at checkout registers. DoD Instruction 1330.21 (Section 6.4.1, July 14, 2005) limits the total amount of shelf-space allocated to tobacco products; this space may not be increased to accommodate new products. The committee does not know when the limit for shelf-space devoted to tobacco products was established.
Some armed services limit access to tobacco products, but not consistently. For example, tobacco is not sold in Navy or Marine Corps commissaries, but it is sold in Navy and Marine Corps exchanges; however, the Navy is exploring having some exchanges, such as the one in Portsmouth, Virginia, not sell tobacco (Mark Long, US Navy, personal communication, July 23, 2008). The approach to the sale of tobacco products varies widely on Army bases. For example, the policies that force clients to access a separate part of an army exchange, require clearly posted information regarding smoking cessation, and limit in-store advertising contrast sharply with the extensive “power walls” (areas of the commissary or exchange that prominently display large quantities of tobacco products) found in some commissaries and exchanges. Table 5-7 summarizes service regulations pertaining to access to tobacco products on military installations.
Like tobacco-use restrictions, raising the price of tobacco products is highly effective in reducing tobacco consumption. DoD Instruction 1330.09, Section 4.10.3 (December 7, 2005), states that “prices of tobacco products … shall be no higher than the most competitive commercial price in the local community and no lower than 5 percent below the most competitive commercial price in the local community. Tobacco shall not be priced below the cost to the exchange.” Any changes in prices for commissary goods must be submitted to Congress (10 USC 2486[d]). Goal C.1 of the 1999 strategic plan,