1.1 million US troops have served in Iraq and Afghanistan: 806,964 Army personnel (including 146,655 in the Army National Guard and 74,461 in the Army Reserve), 194,401 Marine Corps personnel, 30,868 Navy personnel (including 7,028 reservists), and 70,136 Air Force personnel (Stars and Stripes, 2008). Tables 2-1 and 2-2 summarize the demographics of the US military population, including reservists1 and family members.

TABLE 2-1 Demographic Profile of the Military Population

 

Army

Navy

Marine Corps

Air Force

Active duty

502,790

345,098

180,252

344,529

Reservea

189,975

70,500

39,489

74,075

Guarda

346,288

105,658

Total

1,039,053

415,598

219,741

524,262

Dependents

About 1,400,000

About 580,000

About 200,000

About 760,000

Female Personnel (% of total service)

Active duty

14.0

14.5

6.2

19.7

Reservea

23.3

20.3

4.7

23.9

Guarda

13.5

18.0

Total

15.5

15.5

5.9

19.9

Minority-Group Personnel (% of total service)

Black

18.6

17.3

9.9

13.4

Hispanic

9.8

12.4

13.0

5.7

Asian

3.2

6.4

3.2

3.6

American Indian

0.9

3.7

1.8

0.8

White

67.4

60.1

72.1

76.4

1

Ready reserve only; for the purposes of this report, the standby and retired reserve components of all military branches have been excluded. All demographics for reserve and National Guard members are reported only for the selected reserve, that is, those members of the ready reserve who train throughout the year and participate in annual active-duty training exercises. Demographic profiles of the individual ready reserve and the inactive National Guard—the other two components of the ready reserve—were not available.



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