1. Opportunity

    1. Leverage current knowledge and experience across communities.

    2. Coordinate the development of new approaches.

    3. Coordinate implementation across communities, regions, and United States as a whole.

  1. New approach: Infrastructure as—

    1. Service

      1. Provides critical functionality for civil society and commerce.

      2. Provides a basis for quality of life, well-being, and safety.

      3. Focuses on use rather than means of delivering.

    1. Region

      1. Reflects actual system aspects of infrastructure (does not stop at community borders).

      2. Reflects links among communities for economic development, social equity, and environmental bearing capacity—at local, regional, national levels.

    1. Interdependence

      1. Reflects functional and locational interdependence among infrastructure systems.

        1. For example:

          1. Water pumping and treatment requires power.

          2. Power often requires water (for cooling, steam, etc.).

          3. Power and telecommunications lines and water piping often run along transportation corridors.

      1. Reflects opportunities for further developments for sustainable infrastructure that explicitly take advantage of the integration of infrastructure systems to provide critical services.

        1. For example:

          1. Parking lots that generate electricity through photovoltaic coatings

          2. Wastewater treatment plants that use biofuel cells to generate electricity

          3. Localized gray water capture, treatment, and reuse with locally generated power

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