to estimate the maximum amount of agent that might be present in each carbon container. This amount will then be compared to the maximum amount determined for safe shipment by a “bounding” TRA prepared for the anticipated size and method of shipment (see Chapter 7).

Finding 2-2. Carbon is used at many locations in a chemical agent disposal facility. However, it will be exposed to agent-contaminated air or process vent streams in only two locations during normal operation: the agent collection system vent filters and Banks 1 and 2 of the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning filter units.

Recommendation 2-2. A recognized means for characterizing hazardous waste for regulatory purposes is known as “generator knowledge” (as described in Chapter 3). It should be the basis for determining which used carbon can be considered unexposed to agent and thereby minimizing the use of sampling and analysis for final disposition of the carbon.


Lide, D.R. 1985. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 66th edition. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press.

NRC (National Research Council). 1999. Carbon Filtration for Reducing Emissions from Chemical Agent Incineration. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

U.S. Army. 2005. Potential Military Chemical/Biological Agents and Compounds. FM3-11.9/MCRP3-37.1 B/NTRP3-11.32/AFTTP (I) 3-2.55, January. Fort Monroe, Va.: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command.

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