4

 

EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES OF SECONDHAND-SMOKE EXPOSURE AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

 

95

   

 Risk Factors for Acute Coronary Events,

 

96

   

 Epidemiology of Chronic Exposure to Secondhand-Tobacco Smoke in Relation to Coronary Heart Disease and Acute Coronary Events,

 

96

   

 Conclusions,

 

104

   

 References,

 

105

5

 

THE BACKGROUND OF SMOKING BANS

 

109

   

 History of U.S. Smoking Policies,

 

109

   

 Global Tobacco Policies,

 

114

   

 Issues Surrounding Smoking Bans,

 

114

   

 Conclusions,

 

121

   

 References,

 

121

6

 

OVERVIEW OF KEY STUDIES OF THE EFFECTS OF SMOKING BANS ON ACUTE CORONARY EVENTS

 

125

   

 Helena, Montana,

 

126

   

 Italy,

 

133

   

 Pueblo, Colorado,

 

147

   

 Monroe County, Indiana,

 

149

   

 Bowling Green, Ohio,

 

151

   

 New York State,

 

153

   

 Saskatchewan, Canada,

 

156

   

 Scotland,

 

157

   

 References,

 

160

7

 

SYNTHESIS OF KEY STUDIES EXAMINING THE EFFECT OF SMOKING BANS ON ACUTE CORONARY EVENTS

 

163

   

 Limitations and Sources of Uncertainty in Key Studies,

 

163

   

 Weight of Evidence from Key Studies,

 

194

   

 Conclusions,

 

196

   

 References,

 

197

8

 

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

 

201

   

 Summary of Report,

 

201

   

 Summary of Overall Weight of Evidence,

 

207

   

 Data Gaps and Research Recommendations,

 

217

   

 Committee Responses to Specific Questions,

 

219

   

 References,

 

224

 

 

Appendix AGENDAS OF PUBLIC MEETINGS

 

227



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