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Letter Report on the Review of the Food Safety and Inspection Service Proposed Risk-Based Approach to and Application of Public-Health Attribution Attachment B COMMITTEE MEMBERSHIP JOHN C. BAILAR III (Chair), University of Chicago, IL MARGARET DONOHUE HARDIN, Texas A&M University, TX CRAIG HEDBERG, University of Minnesota, MN LEE-ANN JAYKUS, North Carolina State University, NC JEFFREY LEJEUNE, Ohio State University, OH JIANGHONG MENG, University of Maryland, MD WILLIAM H. ROSS, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada DONALD SCHAFFNER, Rutgers University, NJ MARTIN WIEDMANN, Cornell University, NY STAFF EILEEN ABT, Project Director KEEGAN SAWYER, Associate Program Officer NORMAN GROSSBLATT, Senior Editor MIRSADA KARALIC-LONCAREVIC, Manager, Technical Information Center PANOLA GOLSON, Program Associate BIOGRAPHIES John C. Bailar III (Chair) (IOM) is professor emeritus in the Department of Health Studies of the University of Chicago and scholar-in-residence at the National Academies. He is a retired commissioned officer of the U.S. Public Health Service and worked for the National Cancer Institute for 22 years. He has also held academic appointments at Harvard University and McGill University. Dr. Bailar’s research interests include assessing health risks posed by chemical hazards and air pollutants and interpreting statistical evidence in medicine with emphasis on cancer. He was editor-in-chief of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute for 6 years and statistical consultant and member of the Editorial Board of the New England Journal of Medicine. Dr. Bailar is a member of the International Statistical Institute and was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 1993. He served as chair of several National Research Council committees, including the Committee to Ensure Safe Food from Production to Consumption, the Committee on Estimating the Health-Risk-Reduction Benefits of Proposed Air Pollution Regulations, and the Committee on Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction Benefits from Decreasing Tropospheric Ozone Exposure. He received his MD from Yale University and his PhD in statistics from American University. Margaret Donohue Hardin is an associate professor of food microbiology in the Department of Animal Science of Texas A&M University. She conducts a research program in food microbiology that includes research on product safety, security, and quality, encompassing deterioration, spoilage, and public-health hazards caused by bacterial growth and survival in foods of animal origin. Previously, Dr. Hardin was employed in the meat industry as director of food safety at Sara Lee Foods, director of food safety at Smithfield, and director of food safety and quality assurance at Boar’s Head Brand. She also worked as director of pork safety with the National Pork Producers Council and as a research scientist and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point instructor with the National Food Processors Association. Dr.
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Letter Report on the Review of the Food Safety and Inspection Service Proposed Risk-Based Approach to and Application of Public-Health Attribution Hardin’s professional memberships include the American Society for Microbiology, the International Association for Food Protection, the Institute for Food Science, the Society for Applied Microbiology, and the American Meat Science Association. She is a member of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Food Microbiology and of the Editorial Advisory Board of Food Safety Magazine. Dr. Hardin has served as a member of the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Food and the National Advisory Committee for Meat and Poultry Inspection. She received her PhD in food microbiology from Texas A&M University. Craig Hedberg is a professor of environmental and occupational health at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health. His research focuses on foodborne-disease surveillance, surveillance of environmental factors associated with foodborne disease, the role of food workers in the occurrence of foodborne disease, the use of epidemiologic methods in outbreak investigations and disease control, and environmental contamination by enteric pathogens. He previously served as supervisor of the Foodborne, Vectorborne, and Zoonotic Disease Unit at the Minnesota Department of Health. Dr. Hedberg served on the National Research Council Subcommittee II on Produce and Related Products, Seafood, and Dairy Products. He received his PhD in epidemiology from the University of Minnesota. Lee-Ann Jaykus is a professor in the Departments of Food Science and Microbiology at North Carolina State University. Her research efforts focus on the development of molecular methods to detect human enteric viruses in foods and investigation of foodborne viral disease outbreaks with a molecular epidemiologic approach. Additional research efforts include evaluation of nucleic acid amplification techniques for the detection of bacterial pathogens (Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, and E. coli O157:H7) in a variety of food products and the application of quantitative microbial risk assessment in the evaluation of foodborne microbiologic hazards. Dr. Jaykus has collaborated in large, multi-institutional projects to investigate the prevalence of pathogens and their association with production and processing practices in fresh produce, poultry, and shellfish. Her professional memberships include the International Association for Food Protection, the Carolinas Association for Food Protection, and the American Society for Microbiology. She earned a PhD in environmental science and engineering from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Jeffrey LeJeune is an associate professor in the Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine in the food-animal health research program at Ohio State University. His research involves preharvest control of human foodborne pathogens, control of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in the animal host and the environment, and the effects of diet composition on the magnitude and prevalence of E. coli O157 in cattle. Dr. LeJeune has also investigated practical, on-farm methods to reduce bacterial contamination of livestock drinking water. He has served as an expert consultant to the joint Food and Agriculture Organization and World Health Organization on control of microbiologic contamination of leafy greens and to the International Water Management Institute on water reuse in agriculture and public health. Dr. LeJeune received his DVM from the University of Prince Edward Island and his PhD in veterinary microbiology from Washington State University, and he did postdoctoral work in epidemiology. Jianghong Meng is a professor in the Department of Nutrition and Food Science of the University of Maryland and interim director of the Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition with the Food and Drug Administration. Dr. Meng is interested in molecular identification, antimicrobial resistance, and pathogenicity of major foodborne pathogens, including Shiga toxin-producing E. coli, Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes. Dr. Meng is an appointed member of the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and is on the Editorial Board of Applied and Environmental Microbiology. He received his DVM from Sichuan Agricultural University, China, and his PhD in comparative pathology from the University of California, Davis.
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Letter Report on the Review of the Food Safety and Inspection Service Proposed Risk-Based Approach to and Application of Public-Health Attribution William H. Ross is a bureau director in the Food Directorate of the Health Products and Foods Branch of Health Canada. Dr. Ross oversees four programs related to food-safety regulatory, statistical, and epidemiologic analysis: the Food Regulatory Program, Outreach and Engagement, Food Policy and Issues Management, and Biostatistics and Epidemiology. Those programs focus on national and international regulatory policies concerning food safety, nutrition, decision analysis, and risk modeling. Dr. Ross has also served as bureau director of biostatistics and computer applications in the Food Directorate and director of the Risk Management Framework at Health Canada. Dr. Ross has published extensively and given many invited presentations on toxicity and growth models for foodborne pathogens, including Listeria, Clostridium, Enterococcus, and E. coli; quantitative risk analysis and decision-making; and food attribution. Dr. Ross received his PhD in mathematics from Queens University in Ontario, Canada. Donald Schaffner is a professor of food science at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. His research is on quantitative microbial risk assessment and predictive food microbiology, including mathematical models of the growth of Clostridium spp. in meat products under changing temperatures and risk-modeling techniques to understand and manage the risk posed by deliberate contamination of the food supply. Dr. Schaffner has served on expert committees for the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the UN and has chaired two expert workshops on microbial risk for WHO/FAO. He is serving a 5-year term as editor of Applied and Environmental Microbiology. He is a member of the National Advisory Committee on Microbial Criteria for Foods. Dr. Schaffner has served on the National Research Council Committee on Review of the Use of Scientific Criteria and Performance Standards for Safe Food. He received his PhD in food science and technology from the University of Georgia. Martin Wiedmann is an associate professor of food science at Cornell University. His research focuses on molecular pathogenesis and evolution of bacterial and foodborne diseases, the role of alternative sigma factors in bacterial pathogens, molecular epidemiology of human foodborne and animal diseases, detection of bacterial and viral pathogens by molecular biology, preharvest food safety, and Listeria monocytogenes. Dr. Wiedmann serves as co-coordinator of the Cornell Food and Water Safety Program, and he participates in the Infection and Pathobiology Program and in the Cornell Genomics Initiative. He is also the director of the Cornell Laboratory of Molecular Typing. Dr. Wiedmann serves on the editorial boards of several journals, including the Journal of Food Protection, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, and Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. He is a member of the American Dairy Science Association, the American Veterinary Medicine Association, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has served as a consultant and expert witness on a variety of food-safety issues, including Listeria monocytogenes contamination and ecology in food-processing plants, the link between L. monocytogenes recall and foodborne-illness cases, the link between E. coli O157:H7 cases and food recalls, and issues of food and water safety on fairgrounds. He received his PhD in food science from Cornell University and his DVM and PhD in veterinary medicine from the University of Munich, Germany.