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Radioisotope Power Systems: An Imperative for Maintaining U.S. Leadership in Space Exploration Appendix A Statement of Task The Space Studies Board, in conjunction with the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, will appoint a study committee to prepare a report that addresses the following issues regarding the development and use of radioisotope power systems (RPSs) for NASA space missions: Technical readiness and programmatic balance of NASA’s RPS technology portfolio to support NASA near- and long-term mission plans; Effectiveness and ability of U.S. Government agency management structures, including participating organizations, roles, and responsibilities, to meet stated goals and objectives of U.S. programs for RPS capabilities within the current statutory and policy framework; Importance to the national interest of maintaining and/or reestablishing needed infrastructure at field centers, laboratories, and the private sector R&D base, given the recent curtailment of RPS program content and ambitious national goals in space exploration; Strategies for reestablishment of 238Pu domestic production versus the likelihood of continued procurement of Russian-produced material in view of potential competition for 238Pu fuel from other space-faring nations and the critical shortage of U.S.-owned inventory; and Identification of any actions that could be taken in the context of the overall RPS program to meet stated science and exploration goals.