Presents CHP compliance or implementation concerns/issues to the site/area management.

   Meets and reviews laboratory inspection issues.

   Ensures availability of the CHP.

   Maintains site/area documentation for CHP

   Coordinates prior-approval process of chemicals subject to Occupational Safety and Health Administration substance-Specific standards.

   Coordinates and reviews annual laboratory inspections.

   Coordinates written reports of laboratory inspections and distributes to management.

   Communicates with site safety office regarding site/area compliance issues.

   Serves as technical resource for CHP questions and interpretations.

   Ensures that staff follow the controls identified in the research safety summaries.

   Shall be knowledgeable of the requirements for procurement, use, and disposal of the chemicals used in their projects.

   Suggests and implements ways to minimize all chemical exposures.

   Promptly reports spills, accidents, and employee exposures to the appropriate person.

   Assists during investigations.

   Ensures that an inventory of hazardous materials is maintained and updated in accordance with the requirements of the Maintenance of Hazardous Materials Inventory procedure, facility safety basis documents, and facility use agreements.

Staff

   Plans and conducts all research in accordance with Work Control, the CHP supplemental CHPs, and relevant subject areas.

   Ensures that hazardous chemicals are procured, labeled, bar coded, handled, inventoried, stored, used, and properly disposed of in accordance with laboratory procedures and the applicable CHP

   Shall be knowledgeable of hazards in their work area and the proper practices and procedures to minimize all chemical exposure. Consults available information sources such as the Material Safety Data Sheet database, training courses, Web searches, the supervisor, and health and safety personnel to identify hazards.

   Wears the appropriate personal protective equipment and follows the work controls that have been identified.

   Ensures that new hazardous chemicals are bar-coded and that the inventory is updated as required in the Maintenance of Hazardous Materials Inventory procedure.

   Develops good personal chemical hygiene habits.

   Promptly reports spills, accidents, or abnormal events to immediate line manager.

   Provides feedback to principal investigator, laboratory space manager, and immediate line manager identifying changes that may have introduced new hazards for determination of the need for reevaluation of the research safety summaries and ensuring continuous improvement.

tion, ingestion, and injection. Acute exposure is defined as short durations of exposure to high concentrations of hazardous materials in the workplace. Chronic exposure is defined as continual exposure over a long period of time to low concentrations of hazardous materials in the workplace. Overexposure to chemicals, whether a result of a single episode or long-term exposure, can result in adverse health effects. These effects are categorized as acute or chronic. Acute health effects appear rapidly after only one exposure and symptoms include rashes, dizziness, coughing, and burns. Chronic health effects may take months or years before they are diagnosed. Symptoms of chronic health effects include joint paint, neurological disorders, and tumors. (For more information on toxicity of laboratory chemicals, see Chapter 4, section 4.C.)

In addition to the hazards associated with the chemicals themselves, flammable, reactive, explosive, and physical hazards may be present in the laboratory. Reactive hazards include pyrophorics and incompatible chemicals; explosive hazards include peroxide formers and powders; and physical hazards include cryogenic liquids, electrical equipment, lasers, compressed gas cylinders and reactions that involve high pressure or vacuum lines. (For more information about these hazards within a laboratory, see Chapter 4, sections 4.D and 4.E.)

An array of controls exists to protect laboratory personnel from the hazards listed above. Engineering controls (e.g., laboratory chemical hoods and gloveboxes), administrative controls (e.g., safety rules, CHPs, and standard operating procedures), and PPE (e.g., gloves, laboratory coats, and chemical splash goggles) are all designed to minimize the risks posed by these hazards.

Work practices to minimize exposure to hazardous chemicals can be found in Chapter 6.

2.C.4 General Housekeeping Practices in the Laboratory

Good housekeeping practices in the laboratory has a number of benefits. For example, in terms of safety,



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement