Law or Regulation Citation Purpose Comments
Technically qualified individual (TQI) 40 CFR § 720.3(ee) Definition of TQI by background; understanding of risks, responsibilities, and legal requirements Follow TQI requirements with R&D
TSCA exemption for R&D 40 CFR § 720.36 Exemption for R&D from PMN if chemical substance not on TSCA inventory or is manufactured or imported only in small quantities solely for R&D Follow R&D exemption requirements including labeling and MSDS information
Exports of samples, chemicals, biologicals, other materials, and laboratory equipment 15 CFR Parts 730–774 Regulates shipments of certain chemicals and other research materials out the United States These rules are administered by the U.S. Department of Commerce; other export regulations may apply
Regulation of Laboratory Injuries, Accidents, and Spills
Recording and reporting occupational injuries and illnesses 29 CFR Part 1904 Standards for employee reporting and recordkeeping
Employee emergency plans and fire prevention plans 29 CFR § 1910.38 Requirements for written emergency and fire prevention plans
Medical services and first aid 29 CFR § 1910.151 Provision of medical services, first-aid equipment, and facilities for quick drenching and flushing of eyes
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) 42 USC § 9601 et seq. Planning for emergencies and reporting of hazardous materials Title III, also known as Community Right-to-Know Act
42 USC § 11000 et seq.
40 CFR Part 370 (§ 311–312)
40 CFR Part 372 (§ 313)
Emergency planning and notification 40 CFR Part 355 Requirements for reporting of extremely hazardous materials and unplanned releases Applies to all chemical users
Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response 29 CFR § 1910.120 40 CFR Part 311 Worker protection during hazardous waste cleanup Applies to state and local government employees not covered by OSHA
Other Laboratory Regulations and Standards
Americans with Disabilities Act 28 CFR Part 36 Standards for making workplace accommodations for students and employees with disabilities
Access to employee exposure and medical records 29 CFR § 1910.20 Employee and privacy and other rights; employer responsibilities
Occupational noise exposure 29 CFR § 1910.95 Standards for noise, monitoring and medical surveillance

ment). (See Chapter 10, section 10.E, for an explanation of laboratory security requirements.)

Two laws that have perhaps the most impact on laboratories are the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories (the OSHA Laboratory Standard) and RCRA, under which EPA regulates chemical hazardous waste. Because of its importance, the text of the OSHA Laboratory Standard is reprinted in Appendix A. Laboratory workers and managers should read and understand these regulations.


Laboratory design, construction, and renovation are regulated mainly by state and local laws that incorporate, by reference, generally accepted standard

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