by day, year by year, in the face of population growth, climate change, and other pressures. Increasing water resource constraints are predictable surprises that have foreseeable consequences on the nation’s social and economic stability. To resolve these issues requires that we face up to the challenges ahead and begin to develop the science and information needed. The USGS WRD should be an important contributor to developing the needed water science the nation requires. This will necessitate an improved focus from the USGS WRD on the national water priorities that they can address and on an operational management approach to effectively integrate their programs. But to adequately meet the challenge it will clearly require new and additional resources. To that end we provide our final recommendation:

Recommendation: To ensure a secure water future for the nation, sufficient funding should be provided for the USGS to perform its function as a major science agency: to ensure high quality data collection, interpretive programs, and development of essential forecasting and predictive tools to support effective management of the nation’s critical water resources.

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