ing basis for the last two decades (see Box 2-6). In addition, the WRD engages other organizations in reviews of its programs that have led to reports such as the National Hydrologic Warning Council’s 2006 report on the streamgaging program (NHWC, 2006), and the Advisory Committee on Water Information’s 1999 and 2004 reviews of the Coop program (see USGS [1999] and ACWI, 2004—, respectively). The Coop program receives extensive input from entities such as the Interstate Council on Water Policy ( through cooperators’ round-tables, and through myriad discussions between cooperators and USGS science center personnel. While these reviews are generally oriented toward societal relevance and science leader-

BOX 2-6

Reports on USGS WRD Programs and Initiatives by the National Research Council


Review of the USGS National Water Quality Assessment Program: The Challenge of National Synthesis


Preparing for the Twenty-First Century: A Report to the U.S. Geological Survey [Review of overall WRD activities]


Regional Hydrology and the USGS Steam Gaging Network


Hazardous Materials in the Hydrologic Environment: The Role of the U.S. Geological Survey


Watershed Research in the U.S. Geological Survey


Hydrologic Hazards Science at the U.S. Geological Survey


Investigating Groundwater Systems on Regional and National Scales [Ground-Water Resources Program]


Future Roles and Opportunities for the U.S. Geological Survey


Estimating Water Use in the United States: A New Paradigm for the National Water-Use Information Program


Opportunities to Improve the USGS National Water Quality Assessment Program


Assessing the National Streamflow Information Program


River Science at the U.S. Geological Survey

All of these reports are available from

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