Center for Limb Atmospheric Sounding and is a member of the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies. His primary research interest covers the study of plasma physical and energetic particle phenomena in the planetary magnetospheres and Earth’s magnetosphere. He also conducts research in space-instrument design, space-physics data analysis, and magnetospheric modeling. Dr. Baker is a member of SSB.


DAVID GOLDSTON is a visiting lecturer in the Center for the Environment at Harvard University. Prior to joining the Center, he was a visiting lecturer in the Science, Technology and Environmental Policy Program at Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Mr. Goldston was chief of staff of the U.S. House Committee on Science (2001-2006) where he oversaw a committee that has jurisdiction over most of the federal civilian research and development budget, including programs run by NASA, the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Department of Energy, the Department of Commerce, and the Environmental Protection Agency. Prior to becoming staff director, he was legislative director for Congressman Sherwood Boehlert (R-NY) and served as top environmental aide and oversaw the legislative and press operations of the office. From 1985 to 1994, he served on the Science Committee as the special assistant on the Subcommittee on Science, Research and Technology where he oversaw the programs of NSF and National Institute of Standards and Technology. In 1994 and 1995, he was project director at the Council on Competitiveness, a private sector group with members from industry, labor and academia. He is a member of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board (ASEB).


JOAN JOHNSON-FREESE is chair of the Department of National Security Decision Making at the Naval War College (NWC). Prior to that, she held positions as chair of the Transnational Studies Department at the Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies, as a faculty member at the Air War College, and as director of the Center for Space Policy and Law at the University of Central Florida. Dr. Johnson-Freese has focused her research and writing on security studies generally, and space programs and policies specifically, including issues relating to technology transfer and export, missile defense, transparency, space and regional development, transformation, and globalization. She has testified before Congress concerning U.S.-Sino security issues concerning space. Dr. Johnson-Freese is a member of the SSB and the Committee on the Rationale and Goals of the U.S. Civil Space Program.


RICHARD H. KOHRS has more than 50 years of experience in systems engineering and integration for NASA’s Apollo mission, space shuttle, International Space Station (ISS), and commercial programs. He retired from NASA as director of Space Station Freedom where he had overall responsibility for development and operation of the program. He also served as deputy director for the space shuttle program and before that was responsible for vehicle integration of orbiter, main engines, external tank, solid rocket boosters, and the ground system. From 1997 to 2005, he served as chief engineer of Kistler Aerospace with overall responsibility for technical integration of the seven major subcontractors and systems engineering and integration of the Kistler reusable launch vehicle. From 2006 to 2007, he served as program manager of SAGES (Shuttle/Apollo Generation Expert Services) for SAIC, providing the NASA Constellation Program access to retired senior personnel from Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and shuttle programs. Mr. Kohrs is a member of the ASEB.


MOLLY K. MACAULEY is a senior fellow with Resources for the Future (RFF) where she is director of academic programs. Dr. Macauley’s research at RFF has covered studies on economics and policy issues of outer space, the valuation of non-priced space resources, the design of incentive arrangements to improve space resource use, and the appropriate relationship between public and private endeavors in space research, development, and commercial enterprise. Dr. Macauley has served as a visiting professor in the Department of Economics at Johns Hopkins University and in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public Affairs at Princeton University. She was a member of the NRC Science Panel of the Review of NASA Strategic Roadmaps and the Panel on Earth Science Applications and Societal Needs of the



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