TABLE A-1 Summary of Systematic Reviews on Effectiveness of CE Methods



Number of Studies, Inclusion Criteria, and Databases Searched


Ruth-Sahd, L. A. 2003. Reflective practice: A critical analysis of data-based studies and implications for nursing education. Journal of Nursing Education 42(11):488-497.

* Identify common themes that emerge from data-based studies

* Identify implications for reflective practice in the field of nursing education

Sample: 20 articles, 12 doctoral dissertations, and 6 books

Inclusion criteria: Delineated methodology section; emphasis on reflective practice in an education setting; publication between 1992 and 2002; English language

Databases: CINAHL, Dissertation Abstracts International, ERIC, PsychInfo


Issenberg, S. B., W. C. McGaghie, E. R. Petrusa, D. L. Gordon, and R. J. Scalese. 2005. Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: A BEME systematic review. Medical Teacher 27:10-28.

Determine the features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulators that lead to the most effective learning (high-fidelity simulators are models, mannequins, or virtual packages that utilize realistic materials and equipment and incorporate feedback, computerized control, or other advanced technology)

Sample: 109 articles

Inclusion criteria: Empirical study; use of a simulator as an education assessment or intervention; learner outcomes measured quantitatively; experimental or quasi-experimental design

Databases: ERIC, Medline, PsychInfo, Web of Science, Timelit

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