Appendix B
Health Professions Table

The committee includes the professions listed in Table B-1 in its scope of health professions. The committee reviewed those professions classified by the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook 2008-2009 as “healthcare practitioner and technical occupations,” “health technologists and technicians,” and “healthcare support occupations.” The scope of professions was further defined based on the highest level of formal education—those professions not requiring a baccalaureate or higher degree were not selected and are crossed out in Table B-1.

For each profession that fits within the committee’s scope of health professions, Table B-1 also lists the approximate size, average amount of required annual continuing education (CE) credits, and average amount charged per credit. Cost per credit indicates the average amount charged by the major professional society and does not include the costs incurred by employers, private CE providers, or commercial support. It is important to note that the cost per credit ranges dramatically based on CE provider, from being free to costing upwards of $1,000 per course. These data were generally collected through personal communications with professional societies.



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Appendix B Health Professions Table T he committee includes the professions listed in Table B-1 in its scope of health professions. The committee reviewed those professions classified by the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occu- pational Outlook Handbook 2008-2009 as “healthcare practitioner and technical occupations,” “health technologists and technicians,” and “healthcare support occupations.” The scope of professions was fur- ther defined based on the highest level of formal education—those professions not requiring a baccalaureate or higher degree were not selected and are crossed out in Table B-1. For each profession that fits within the committee’s scope of health professions, Table B-1 also lists the approximate size, average amount of required annual continuing education (CE) credits, and average amount charged per credit. Cost per credit indicates the average amount charged by the major professional society and does not include the costs incurred by employers, private CE providers, or commercial support. It is important to note that the cost per credit ranges dramatically based on CE provider, from being free to costing upwards of $1,000 per course. These data were generally collected through personal communications with professional societies. 227

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TABLE B-1 Health Care Occupations Identified in the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook 228 Handbook 2008-2009 Average Cost Occupation Minimum Degree No. in Profession No. of Credits per Credit Health Care Practitioners and Technical Occupations Audiologists Doctorate 12,826 12.5 $39a Chiropractors Doctorate 65,000 17 $17 Dentists, General Doctorate 141,315 18 $28-$42 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons Doctorate 7,044 18 $28-$42 Orthodontists Doctorate 10,184 18 $28-$42 Prosthodontists Doctorate 3,404 18 $28-$42 Optometrists Doctorate 33,000f 18 $20-$27 Pharmacists Doctorate 230,000 15 $30 Physicians and Surgeons Doctorate 816,727 28 $30 Clinical Psychologist Master’s, Doctorate 39,731 16 $15-$20 Physical Therapists Master’s, Doctorate 175,488 30 $30 Occupational Therapists Master’s 101,560 12 $27.50 Speech-Language Pathologists Master’s 118,270 12.5 $39 Social Workers Bachelor’s, many require 555,000 12.5 $0-$50 Master’s Physician Assistants Bachelor’s/PA program 79,980 25 $30 Registered Nurses Bachelor’s, Associate’s, or 2,909,357 12 $8-$10 diploma

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Radiation Therapists Bachelor’s, Associate’s with 18,110 12 $8 certificate Dietitians and Nutritionists Bachelor’s 57,000f 15 $50 Recreational Therapists Bachelor’s 25,000f 10b $17.50-$75 Pathology Assistants Associate’s (NOT IN BLS) N/A N/A N/A Respiratory Therapists Associate’s N/A N/A N/A Health Technologists and Technicians Medical and Clinical Laboratory Bachelor’s 167,000f 12c $12 Technologists Orthotists and Prosthetists Bachelor’s 5,490f 18b $7-$15 Occupational Health and Safety Bachelor’s 45,000f 15 $15 Specialists Athletic Trainers Bachelor’s 17,000f 23d $0-$25 Radiologic Technologists and Associate’s, certificate, Bachelor’s 196,000f 11e $8 Technicians Surgical Technologists Certificate, diploma, Associate’s N/A N/A N/A Medical and Clinical Laboratory Certificate, diploma, Associate’s N/A N/A N/A Technicians Dental Hygienists Associate’s N/A N/A N/A Cardiovascular Technologists and Associate’s N/A N/A N/A Technicians Nuclear Medicine Technologists Certificate, diploma, Associate’s N/A N/A N/A continued 229

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TABLE B-1 Continued 230 Average Cost Occupation Minimum Degree No. in Profession No. of Credits per Credit Licensed Practical and Licensed Associate’s N/A N/A N/A Vocational Nurses Medical Records and Health Associate’s N/A N/A N/A Information Technicians Occupational Health and Safety Certificate, Associate’s, N/A N/A N/A Technicians Bachelor’s, Master’s Dietetic Technicians Vocational award, Associate’s N/A N/A N/A Psychiatric Technicians Vocational award N/A N/A N/A Emergency Medical Technicians High school diploma N/A N/A N/A and Paramedics Opticians, Dispensing High school diploma N/A N/A N/A Diagnostic Medical Sonographers None N/A N/A N/A Pharmacy Technicians None N/A N/A N/A Health Care Support Occupations Occupational Therapist Assistants Associate’s, certificate N/A N/A N/A Physical Therapist Assistants High school diploma, Associate’s N/A N/A N/A Medical Assistants Vocational school (1 or 2 yr) N/A N/A N/A Medical Transcriptionists Postsecondary training preferred N/A N/A N/A Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and High school diploma (aides) N/A N/A N/A Attendants

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Psychiatric Aides High school diploma N/A N/A N/A Dental Assistants High school diploma N/A N/A N/A Home Health Aides None N/A N/A N/A Occupational Therapist Aides None N/A N/A N/A Physical Therapist Aides None N/A N/A N/A Massage Therapists None N/A N/A N/A Medical Equipment Preparers None N/A N/A N/A Pharmacy Aides None N/A N/A N/A NOTE: N/A = Not applicable. a This is the average cost of an American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Professional Development distance learning program. b For national certification. c Only 12 states and Puerto Rico require licensure (CA, GA, HI, FL, LA, MT, ND, NV, NY, RI, TN, WV). d Only 32 states require continuing education credits. e Only 28 states require continuing education credits. f Data from Bureau of Labor Statistics. 231

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