and about one another. Effective coordination and use of interprofessional teams of practitioners in the care setting requires practice and the development of a collaborative skill set that is not routinely taught at other levels of health professions education. Imparting such proficiencies should be a key feature of a CPD system.
Employ evidence-based practice. New knowledge generated by health research is a potent driver of CPD, providing rich sources of information in learning. Advances in health care can be made when research identifies and fills knowledge gaps. Clinical outcomes data for individual, team, and institutional assessment can identify the successes and areas of inadequacies of current practice, lay the groundwork for improvement, and continuously guide the evolution of a strengthened system of care.
Apply quality improvement. All professionals in health care should aim for continuous improvement of their performance to deliver the best patient care. CPD should model principles of quality improvement by continuously evaluating the quality of structure, processes, and outcomes of CPD activities. The CPD system will benefit when its providers and researchers collaborate with other professionals in the quality improvement community; efficiencies gained from such collaborations could yield important benefits to patients. For example, grounding the quality improvement efforts of health professionals into proven educational techniques will provide systems-based feedback to planners, policy makers, and participating health professionals. Through this collaboration, CPD can serve as a precise tool in the learning health care system, supporting provision of care toward the six quality aims.
Use health informatics. Modern health information technologies provide an unprecedented opportunity for capturing and rapidly analyzing real-time data at the point of care to help clinicians manage data, improve safety, make informed clinical decisions, and access information or community resources. The field of health informatics encompasses e-learning, electronic data collection, collation and analysis, electronic decision support, and information management from individuals to populations to illuminate best practices in health service delivery. The CPD system will enlist these resources to advance learning and quality care.