Part 2 contains six chapters (Chapters 4–9), which document the committee’s detailed assessments of energy-supply and end-use technologies. The topics addressed in these chapters are, specifically,
Energy efficiency in transportation, industry, and residential and commercial buildings (Chapter 4)
Production and use of alternative transportation fuels, in particular biofuels as well as fuels derived from converting coal, or mixtures of coal and biomass, into liquids (Chapter 5)
Production of renewable energy such as wind, solar, and geothermal energy, as well as hydropower and biopower (Chapter 6)
Domestic fossil-fuel energy, particularly as coupled with technologies that would capture and safely store CO2 (Chapter 7)
Production of electricity from nuclear energy (Chapter 8)
Electricity transmission and distribution systems that reliably accommodate intermittent energy supplies such as solar and wind and sophisticated demand-side energy efficiency technologies (Chapter 9).
EIA (Energy Information Administration). 2008a. Annual Energy Review 2007. DOE/EIA-0384(2007); Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration.
EIA. 2008b. Annual Energy Outlook 2008. DOE/EIA-0383(2008). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2007. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Geneva: IPCC.
Simmons, M.R. 2005. Twilight in the Desert: The Coming Saudi Oil Shock and the World Economy. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Wood, J.H., G.R. Long, and D.F. Morehouse. 2004. Long-Term World Oil Supply Scenarios: The Future Is Neither as Bleak nor as Rosy as Some Assert. Energy Information Administration. Available at http://www .eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/feature_articles/2004/worldoilsupply/oilsupply04.html.