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Appendix B Biographical Sketches of Panel Members and Staff John Karl Scholz (Chair) is a professor of economics at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Previously, he was the deputy assistant secretary for tax analysis at the U.S. Department of the Treasury and senior staff econo- mist at the Council of Economic Advisers. He chaired the Committee on National Statistics’ Panel on Enhancing the Data Infrastructure in Support of Food and Nutrition Programs, Research, and Decision-Making and was a member of its Panel on Evaluation of USDA’s Methodology for Estimating Eligibility and Participation for the WIC Program. He has written exten- sively on the earned income tax credit and low-wage labor markets. He also writes on public policy and household saving, charitable contributions, and bankruptcy laws. He is a research associate at the National Bureau of Eco- nomic Research and was director of the Institute for Research on ­Poverty at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He has a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University. F. Jay Breidt is professor and chair in the Department of Statistics at C ­ olorado State University. He has published extensively in his research areas of time series, environmental monitoring, and survey sampling. From 1991-2000, he was on the faculty at Iowa State University. While at Iowa State, Breidt was a member of the Statistical Laboratory’s Survey Section, which had as a major focus design and estimation for large-scale environ- mental surveys, particularly the USDA’s National Resources Inventory. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association and winner of the 2004 Distinguished Achievement Award from its Section on Statistics and the 159

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160 REENGINEERING THE SURVEY Environment, as well as an elected member of the International Statistical Institute. He has M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Colorado State University. Leonard E. Burman is the Daniel Patrick Moynihan Chair in Public Affairs at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University. Prior to that, he directed the Tax Policy Center, which he founded with several colleagues in 2002. He was also a senior fellow at the Urban Institute and a visiting professor at Georgetown University. He served as deputy assistant secretary of the Treasury Department for tax analysis from 1998 to 2000, and as senior analyst at the Congressional Budget Office from 1988 to 1997. He is vice president of the National Tax Association, on the editorial board of Public Finance Quarterly, and a member of the International Monetary Fund F ­ iscal Analysis Division’s Panel of Experts. He has served on several federal and local government advisory boards in the United States. He is the author of The Labyrinth of Capital Gains Tax Policy: A Guide for the Perplexed, and coeditor of Taxing Capital Income and Using Taxes to Reform Health Insurance. His recent research has examined the individual alternative minimum tax, the changing role of taxation in social policy, and tax incen- tives for savings, retirement, and health insurance. He has a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota and a B.A. from Wesleyan University. Constance F. Citro (Study Director) is the director of the Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT), a position she has held since May 2004. She began her career with CNSTAT in 1984 as study director for the panel that produced The Bicentennial Census: New Directions for Methodology in 1990. Previously she held positions as vice president of Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., and Data Use and Access Laboratories, Inc. She was an American Statistical Association/National Science Foundation/Census research fellow and is a fellow of the American Statistical Association and an elected member of the International Statistical Institute. For CNSTAT, she directed evaluations of the 2000 census, the Survey of Income and Pro- gram Participation, microsimulation models for social welfare programs, and the National Science Foundation science and engineering personnel data system, in addition to studies on institutional review boards and social science research, estimates of poverty for small geographic areas, data and methods for retirement income modeling, and alternative poverty measures. She has a B.A. in political science from the University of Rochester and M.S and Ph.D. degrees in political science from Yale University. John L. Czajka is a senior fellow at Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. His work has focused on the evaluation of estimates obtained from survey data and statistical uses of program administrative records. He has also directed many studies of health insurance coverage, including analyses of

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APPENDIX B 161 the dynamics of coverage over time and the impact of the Children’s Health Insurance Program on trends in children’s coverage. He has served on three previous National Academies panels, addressing issues related to the 2000 census, the adequacy of existing data for evaluating the impact of welfare reform, and setting priorities for research and development for the Census Bureau’s state and local government statistics program. Prior to joining Mathematica in 1978, Dr. Czajka lectured at the University of California, Berkeley, in the Department of Sociology. Dr. Czajka is a past president of the Washington Statistical Society and a fellow of the American ­Statistical Association. He received his Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Michigan in 1979. Peter Gottschalk is professor of economics in the School of Arts and Sci- ences at Boston College. His research interests cover labor economics and human resource economics. During the past decade, he has twice served as a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation, in fall 1993 and 1996. Before joining Boston College in 1987, he was associate professor of eco- nomics, professor of economics, and chairperson for 10 years at Bowdoin College. He has a B.A. in economics from the George Washington Univer- sity and a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania. Ronald T. Haskins is a senior fellow in the Economic Studies Program and codirector of the Center on Children and Families at the Brookings Institution and senior consultant at the Annie E. Casey Foundation in Baltimore. He is the author of Work Over Welfare: The Inside Story of the 1996 ­Welfare Reform Law, the coauthor of Getting Ahead or Losing Ground: Economic Mobility in America, and a senior editor of The Future of Children. In 2002 he was the senior adviser to the president for welfare policy at the White House. Prior to joining Brookings and Casey, he spent 14 years on the staff of the House Ways and Means Human Resources Subcommittee, first as welfare counsel to the Republican staff, then as the subcommittee’s staff director. While there he edited the 1996, 1998, and 2000 editions of the Green Book. In 1981-1985, he was a senior researcher at the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. He has a B.A. in history, an M.A. in edu- cation, and a Ph.D. in developmental psychology from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. V. Joseph Hotz is the arts and sciences professor of economics at Duke Uni- versity. His research interests are in labor economics, economic ­demography, and evaluation of the impact of social programs. He has served on sev- eral National Academies panels, including the Panel on Transforming Our C ­ ommon Destiny: Hispanics in the United States; the Panel on Access to

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162 REENGINEERING THE SURVEY Research Data; the Panel on Institutional Review Boards, Surveys, and Social Science Research; the Panel to Evaluate the Survey of Income and Program Participation; and the Panel on Performance Measures for Data and Public Health Performance Partnership Grants. He is a member of the Committee on National Statistics. He has a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. John Iceland is professor of sociology and demography at Pennsylvania State University. Previously, he was an associate professor of sociology at the University of Maryland–College Park and a faculty associate of the Maryland Population Research Center. He was chief of the Poverty and Health Statistics Branch at the U.S. Census Bureau before joining the Maryland faculty in 2003. His research focuses on poverty and residential segregation issues. His book, Poverty in America, is now in its second edi- tion. He has authored numerous papers and reports on poverty patterns, causes, and measurement. His work on residential segregation examines general trends among various groups using a variety of measures, and he is currently examining the residential patterns of immigrants. He has a Ph.D. from Brown University. Caryn Kuebler is on the staff of the U.S. Government Accountability Office. Prior to that, she served as an associate program officer with the Committee on National Statistics at the National Academies. She previously worked for the University of Chicago’s Cultural Policy Center on a research project measuring the relationship between the size and scope of a region’s creative sector and its economic growth potential. Her research interests include measuring consumer debt burden and income inequality, economic devel- opment, and cultural policy, including access to and protection of cultural and natural resources. She received her B.S. from Syracuse University and her M.P.P. from the University of Chicago. Jerome P. Reiter is associate professor of statistical science at Duke Univer- sity. His primary research focus has been investigating statistical methods of preserving the confidentiality of data. He works extensively on developing the theory and assessing the feasibility of releasing synthetic, that is, simu- lated, data to the public. He also develops methods for handling missing data in surveys and for inferring causal effects in observational studies. He has analyzed data from business, education, medicine, political science, psychology, public health, and sports. He has a Ph.D. in statistics from Harvard University. Patricia Ruggles is a statistician in the Environmental-Economic Accounts Section of the United Nations Statistics Division. Prior to that, she served as

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APPENDIX B 163 a researcher and study director with the Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT) and the Center on Economics, Governance and International Studies at the National Academies. She previously served as the Democratic staff director of the Joint Economic Committee, U.S. Congress; the chief economist and policy director for the Democratic staff of the Budget Com- mittee of the U.S. House of Representatives; and as the deputy assistant secretary for income security policy and the chief economist at the Depart- ment of Health and Human Services, among other positions. Her research has focused on income, poverty, and anti-poverty policies, as well as on data and measurement issues. She served as a member of the CNSTAT Panel to Evaluate the Survey of Income and Program Participation in the early 1990s. Dr. Ruggles received her B.A. in history from Yale University and her Ph.D. in economics from Harvard. Deanna T. Schexnayder is associate director and research scientist at the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, an organized research unit of the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin. She has directed or codirected research projects on Texas welfare, educa- tion and training, and child care and child support programs for over two decades. She currently directs several large-scale research ­projects, includ- ing (with Christopher King) the Central Texas Student Futures Project, a regional initiative designed to study education and labor force outcomes for graduates in 10 central Texas school districts. She recently completed a multi­year assessment of the Texas subsidized child care system and is cur- rently a member of a national research team that is designing a national survey of child care supply and demand for the assistant secretary for plan- ning and evaluation of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. She is the coauthor (with Laura Lein) of Life After Welfare: Reform and the Persistence of Poverty. Since 1985, she has supervised the assembly of complex statistical research data sets from confidential, individual-level administrative data files from 16 different programs in Texas and other states. She has a B.S. in psychology and an M.B.A. from Louisiana State University. Robert F. Schoeni is professor of economics and public policy and research professor at the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. His teaching and research interests include program evaluation, welfare policy, the economics and demographics of aging, labor economics, and immigra- tion. He also serves as associate director of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. He worked previously at RAND, where he was associate direc- tor of the labor and population program, and also served as senior econo- mist on the President’s Council of Economic Advisers. He has a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan.

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164 REENGINEERING THE SURVEY Jennifer Van Hook is an associate professor of sociology and demography at the Pennsylvania State University. She was previously associate professor of sociology at Bowling Green State University. Her research focuses on the health and well-being of the children of immigrants, including patterns and trends in household and family structure, child poverty, welfare receipt, food security, and child obesity and on the relationship between the policy contexts of reception and the incorporation patterns of immigrants and their children. She is also engaged in applied research that seeks to evaluate and revise methods for estimating the size, growth, and characteristics of the unauthorized migrant population living in the United States. She has an M.S. in sociology from the University of Wisconsin and a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Texas.