Appendix D
Air Force STEM Workforce

This appendix supplies a variety of details about the Air Force STEM workforce as shown in selected tables (Tables D-1 and D-2) and figures (Figures D-1 through D-20).

TABLE D-1 Civilian Personnel in Career Program Paths for Occupational Series That Require a STEM Degree.

Air Force Civil Service STEM Workforce

Occupational Series

Civil Engineer

Career Program

Communications & Information

Scientist & Engineer

Total

0801 General Engineering

886

 

1662

2548

0803 Safety Engineering

 

 

4

4

0804 Fire Prevention Engineering

5

 

 

5

0806 Materials Engineering

 

 

285

285

0807 Landscape Architecture

8

 

 

8

0808 Architecture

129

 

2

131

0810 Civil Engineering

232

 

6

238

0819 Environmental Engineering

552

 

21

573

0830 Mechanical Engineering

174

 

648

822

0840 Nuclear Engineering

 

 

12

12

0850 Electrical Engineering

147

 

67

214

0854 Computer Engineering

 

142

196

338

0855 Electronics Engineering

5

341

4140

4486

0858 Biomedical Engineering

 

 

19

19

0861 Aerospace Engineering

 

 

1223

1223

0881 Petroleum Engineering

 

 

1

1

0892 Ceramic Engineering

 

 

1

1

0893 Chemical Engineering

2

 

45

47

0896 Industrial Engineering

11

 

91

102

1301 General Physical Science

231

 

143

374

1306 Health Physics

2

 

5

7

1310 Physics

 

 

265

265

1313 Geophysics

 

 

25

25

1315 Hydrology

4

 

 

4

1320 Chemistry

15

1

162

178

1321 Metallurgy

 

 

2

2

1330 Astronomy And Space Science

 

 

5

5

1340 Meteorology

 

 

122

122



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Appendix D Air Force STEM Workforce This appendix supplies a variety of details about the Air Force STEM workforce as shown in selected tables (Tables D-1 and D-2) and figures (Figures D-1 through D-20). TABLE D-1 Civilian Personnel in Career Program Paths for Occupational Series That Require a STEM Degree. Air Force Civil Service STEM Workforce Career Program Civil Communications Scientist & Occupational Series Total Engineer & Information Engineer 0801 General Engineering 886 1662 2548 0803 Safety Engineering 4 4 0804 Fire Prevention Engineering 5 5 0806 Materials Engineering 285 285 0807 Landscape Architecture 8 8 0808 Architecture 129 2 131 0810 Civil Engineering 232 6 238 0819 Environmental Engineering 552 21 573 0830 Mechanical Engineering 174 648 822 0840 Nuclear Engineering 12 12 0850 Electrical Engineering 147 67 214 0854 Computer Engineering 142 196 338 0855 Electronics Engineering 5 341 4140 4486 0858 Biomedical Engineering 19 19 0861 Aerospace Engineering 1223 1223 0881 Petroleum Engineering 1 1 0892 Ceramic Engineering 1 1 0893 Chemical Engineering 2 45 47 0896 Industrial Engineering 11 91 102 1301 General Physical Science 231 143 374 1306 Health Physics 2 5 7 1310 Physics 265 265 1313 Geophysics 25 25 1315 Hydrology 4 4 1320 Chemistry 15 1 162 178 1321 Metallurgy 2 2 1330 Astronomy And Space Science 5 5 1340 Meteorology 122 122 119

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120 Examination of the U.S. Air Force’s STEM Workforce Needs TABLE D-1 Continued. 1350 Geology 9 9 1370 Cartography 2 10 12 1372 Geodesy 2 2 1373 Land Surveying 1 1 1386 Photographic Technology 5 5 1501 General Mathematics 2 2 1510 Actuarial Science 1 1 1515 Operations Research 12 376 388 1520 Mathematics (1520) 80 80 1529 Mathematical Statistics 1 1 1530 Statistics 12 12 1550 Computer Science 230 406 636 Grand Total 2415 731 10042 13188 Source: AFPC Interactive Demographic Analysis System, December 2008. TABLE D-2 STEM-Degreed Personnel in the Civil Service Acquisition Workforce Occupational Series Requiring STEM Degree Number 0801 General Engineering 1,344 0802 Engineering Technical 3 0803 Safety Engineering 26 0806 Materials Engineering 224 0810 Civil Engineering 22 0819 Environmental Engineering 30 0830 Mechanical Engineering 380 0840 Nuclear Engineering 1 0850 Electrical Engineering 41 0854 Computer Engineering 188 0855 Electronics Engineering 2,055 0856 Electronics Technical 2 0858 Biomedical Engineering 19 0861 Aerospace Engineering 927 0893 Chemical Engineering 30 0896 Industrial Engineering 21 0899 Engineering & Architecture Student 5 1301 General Physical Science 64 1310 Physics 142 1311 Physical Science Technician 1 1320 Chemistry 73 1330 Astronomy And Space Science 3 1340 Meteorology 4 1341 Meteorological Technician 1 TOTAL 5,606 SOURCE: AFPC IDEAS, as of December 2008

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Appendix D 121 FIGURE D-1 Career Pyramid Illustrating the 61S Scientist Officer Career Path. SOURCE: “Msn Spt Officer Career Planning Diagrams,” Air Force Personnel Center Website. FIGURE D-2 Career Pyramid Illustrating the 62E Developmental Engineer Officer Career Path. SOURCE: “Msn Spt Officer Career Planning Diagrams,” Air Force Personnel Center Website.

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122 Examination of the U.S. Air Force’s STEM Workforce Needs FY13 Authorizations 60 Other Core DAFSC Tax Inventory 50 STP Inventory PP Inventory 40 FY13 Sustainment Inventory 30 20 10 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 CYOS FIGURE D-3 15W Officer Inventory in 15W Career Field by Career Years of Service (CYOS). SOURCE: John Park, Chief, Force Management Division (HQ USAF/A1PF), briefing to the committee on October 30, 2008. FY13 Authorizations 140 Other Core DAFSC Tax Inventory 120 STP Inventory PP Inventory 100 FY13 Sustainment Inventory 80 60 40 20 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 CYOS FIGURE D-4 Officer Inventory in 32E Career Field by Career Years of Service (CYOS). SOURCE: John Park, Chief, Force Management Division (HQ USAF/A1PF), briefing to the committee on October 30, 2008.

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Appendix D 123 FY13 Authorizations 350 Other Core DAFSC Tax Inventory 300 STP Inventory PP Inventory 250 FY13 Sustainment Inventory 200 150 100 50 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 CYOS FIGURE D-5 Officer Inventory in 33S Career Field by Career Years of Service (CYOS). SOURCE: John Park, Chief, Force Management Division (HQ USAF/A1PF), briefing to the committee on October 30, 2008. FY13 Authorizations 120 Other Core DAFSC Tax Inventory 100 STP Inventory PP Inventory 80 FY13 Sustainment Inventory 60 40 20 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 CYOS FIGURE D-6 Officer Inventory in 61S Career Field by Career Years of Service (CYOS). SOURCE: John Park, Chief, Force Management Division (HQ USAF/A1PF), briefing to the committee on October 30, 2008.

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124 Examination of the U.S. Air Force’s STEM Workforce Needs FY13 Authorizations 400 Other Core DAFSC 350 Tax Inventory STP Inventory 300 Officers in other core PP Inventory DAFSC are primarily FY13 Sustainment 250 Inventory serving in 63A 200 150 100 50 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 CYOS FIGURE D-7 Officer Inventory in 62E Career Field by Career Years of Service (CYOS). SOURCE: John Park, Chief, Force Management Division (HQ USAF/A1PF), briefing to the committee on October 30, 2008. 300 FY06 Authorizations Core 63A in 63A DAFSC 250 Core 63A in other DAFSCs FY06 Sustainment FY07 Sustainment 200 FY09 Sustainment 150 100 50 0 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1981 1980 1979 1978 1977 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1984 1983 1982 Year Group FIGURE D-8 Officer Inventory in 63A Career Field by Career Years of Service (CYOS). SOURCE: Pat Hogan, Director of Acquisition and Career Management (SAF/AQXD), briefing to the committee on December 3, 2008.

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Appendix D 125 Auth Projections* Nuclear : Enterprise, Joint Ops, AOC, COCOM, Info-Ops, Acq Excellence msn increase FIGURE D-9 61S Officer Authorizations and Assignments, 2004–2010. SOURCE: Col. Stan Perrin, Air Force Personnel Center, Director of Assignments (AFPC/PA), briefing to the committee on October 29, 2008. FIGURE D-10 62E Officer Authorizations and Assignments, 2004–2010. SOURCE: Col. Stan Perrin, Air Force Personnel Center, Director of Assignments (AFPC/PA), briefing to the committee on October 29, 2008.

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126 Examination of the U.S. Air Force’s STEM Workforce Needs ✎ Must Fill - 100% ✎ Air Staff (HAF, SAF, AFPEO) ✎ OS Short TOUR (< 18 mo) ✎ Commander (C-prefix) ✎ Special Duty (16x, 8x, 9x) ✎ FOAs / DRUs ✎ AU, ROTC, Training Instructors, ✎ Green Door ✎ Execs (Wg +), FAO, IG, etc… ✎ Joint (JDAL only) ✎ MDA ✎ Priority Fill - 85% ✎ Instructors - T-Prefix 6X & NRO ✎ Entitlement ✎ AF Agencies ✎ MAJCOM HQ ✎ AFRL ✎ NAF ✎ Joint, Non JDAL ✎ all others ✎ MAJCOM Centers/Wing/Sq FIGURE D-11 Fill Priority Categories under the Non-Rated Prioritization Program. FIGURE D-12 Path Opportunities and Training for Career Progression in Acquisition Management. SOURCE: USAF, 2008, pg. 24.

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Appendix D 127 Technology & Production, Deployment, O&S Cost System Billions saved over Development weapon system lifecycle Time • Your Return on Investment: 30-to-1 Rule – $30 savings to weapon system programs for every $1 invested in established T&E facilities FIGURE D-13 Representation from the Air Force Flight Test Center of Savings from Early Identification of Design and Technology Shortfalls in Development Programs. SOURCE: Maj. Gen. David Eichhorn, Commander, AFFTC, briefing to the committee on December 3, 2008. Demographics As of: 04 Oct 08 AF STEM Workforce CIV ENL OFF CME Total AUTH ASSN AUTH ASSN AUTH ASSN AUTH ASSN AUTH ASSN HQ Staff 261 298 65 68 62 45 60 24 448 435 350 ELSW 351 295 24 30 257 208 703 682 1335 1215 551 ELSW 219 17 163 513 513 912 136 17 110 776 554 ELSW 1088 960 423 420 192 95 645 455 2348 1930 653 ELSW 695 548 140 149 168 144 994 1030 1997 1871 66 ABW 423 245 52 271 106 991 421 289 64 880 TOTAL 3037 2658 914 973 894 666 3186 2810 8031 7107 Distribution of APDP Cert by Skill Assigned Organic Workforce by Skill 319 of 413 Critical Acquisition Positions are filled (77.24%) 258 of 319 assigned to CAPs are certified at appropriate level 80.8%) ( FIGURE D-14 Demographics at the Electronic Systems Center. SOURCE: Lt. Gen. Ted Bowlds, Commander, Electronic Systems Center, AFMC, briefing to the committee on October 30, 2008.

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128 Examination of the U.S. Air Force’s STEM Workforce Needs 40 Year Career Span Retired Last of Early Pioneers Retiring Last Ties to Golden Era of AerospaceEngnrg Mid Career A Generation Who Did Not PublishTR’s The Generation We Need to Re-vector 1.0 1.0 • Pioneering Period The Generation We Need to Build Maturing Period • Aerospace innovative Declining Period era • Post Vietnam decline Fraction of Peak Output • Institutional funding, • Post Gulf War peace then Reagan buildup minimum admin dividend … 40% cut • MRTFB split funding overhead in budget over 10 yrs then full reimbursable • Top to bottom • TSPR • Emphasis on cost emphasis on • More cost emphasis • Analysis & reporting technical issues • Analysis & reporting at discretion of SPO 0.5 • Analysis and at discretion of OEM • 13 AEDC facilities reporting on all tests • 6 AEDC facilities researched/designed/ • 47 facilities at AEDC researched/designed/ commissioned researched/designed/ commissioned • No support to labs commissioned • No support to labs • Emphasis on test • Maximum • Emphasis on mx, efficiency collaboration with safety, and standard • National studies on labs – 1/3 of test processes test methodologies workload • Minimal collaboration • IT&E initiated 0 Decade 50’s 50’ 60’s 60’ 70’s 70’ 80’s 80’ 90’s 90’ 00’s 00’ 10’s 10’ 20’s 20’ 30’s 30’ FIGURE D-15 AEDC Commander’s Perspective on the Rise and Decline of Technical Excellence. SOURCE: Col. Art Huber, Commander, AEDC, briefing to the committee on December 3, 2008.

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Appendix D 129 Case studies* of five aircraft design programs ranging from 70s to 90s • Assessed aircraft and program performance metrics • Defined IC metrics Study Observations • Strong linkage between intellectual capital and performance • Current designers less experienced than predecessors – fewer opportunities • 70s-era design efforts outperformed those of 90s-era • Test phase an important downstream indicator of design performance – test personnel understood design flaws through exposure to recurring problems • Modern design tools graphically compelling, but reduced experimental experience has led to deficiencies *Eric Rebentisch “Managing Intellectual Capital for the Long Haul Lean Aerospace Initiative Conference on Enterprise ’ Value: The New Lean Horizon, March 27, 2002 FIGURE D-16 Military Aircraft Program Starts by Decade, Actual (1950–2009) and Projected (2010–2039). Source: Col. Art Huber, Commander, AEDC, briefing to the committee on December 3, 2008.

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130 Examination of the U.S. Air Force’s STEM Workforce Needs Total -- 9317 65% MID-SENIOR LVL PB01 = OCR for page 119
Appendix D 131 Employees Civilian Military Contractor Total ~10800 ~4750 ~1450 ~4600 S&Es ~ 6750 ~2800 ~ 850 ~3100 FIGURE D-19 Demographics of the AFRL Total Workforce and Science and Engineering (S&E) Workforce. SOURCE: Joe Sciabica, Executive Director, Air Force Research Laboratory, briefing to the committee on October 30, 2008. In the next 5 years a significant number of AFRL senior S&E’s will retire taking with them critical expertise are currently retirement eligible – 40% FIGURE D-20 Retirement Eligibility as of 2007 and 2013 for the AFRL Civilian Workforce: S&E = science and engineering occupations. SOURCE: Joe Sciabica, Executive Director, Air Force Research Laboratory, briefing to the committee on October 30, 2008.