interact with biometric systems—needs strengthening particularly as biometric technologies and systems are deployed in systems of national importance.
Biometric systems incorporate complex definitional, technological, and operational choices, which are themselves embedded in larger technological and social contexts. Thus, systems-level considerations are critical to the success of biometric systems. Analyses of biometric systems’ performance, effectiveness, trustworthiness, and suitability should take a broad systems perspective.
Biometric systems should be designed and evaluated relative to their specific intended purposes and contexts rather than generically. Their effectiveness depends as much on the social context as it does on the underlying technology, operational environment, systems engineering, and testing regimes.
The field of biometrics would benefit from more rigorous and comprehensive approaches to systems development, evaluation, and interpretation. Presumptions and burdens of proof arising from biometric