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Appendix A

April 23, 2009, Symposium
The Future of Photovoltaics
Manufacturing in the United States

Biographies of Speakers*


Michael J. Ahearn has served as the CEO and chairman of First Solar since August 2000. He served as president of First Solar from August of 2000 until March of 2007. From 1996 to 2006, he was partner and president of the private equity investment firm, JWMA (formerly True North Partners, LLC), the majority stockholder of First Solar. Prior to joining JWMA, Mr. Ahearn practiced law as a partner in the firm of Gallagher and Kennedy. He received both a B.A. in finance and a J.D. from Arizona State University.

Mr. Ahearn currently serves on the boards of First Solar and the German Marshall Fund of the United States. He is also active in community activities and currently serves on the board of GPL (Greater Phoenix Leadership). He had previously served on the boards of Arizona Technology Enterprises, Arizona State University Research Park, Homeward Bound, and the Arizona Science Museum.


Mr. Bendis has distinguished himself as a successful entrepreneur, corporate executive, venture capitalist, investment banker, technology-based economic development leader, and consultant in the technology and health care industries.

He currently serves as the founding president and CEO of the Bendis Investment Group LLC, (BIG), a global financial intermediary and consulting firm headquartered in Philadelphia. Mr. Bendis has a joint venture management


* Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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Appendix A April 23, 2009, Symposium The Future of Photovoltaics Manufacturing in the United States Biographies of Speakers* MICHAEL AHEARN Michael J. Ahearn has served as the CEO and chairman of First Solar since August 2000. He served as president of First Solar from August of 2000 until March of 2007. From 1996 to 2006, he was partner and president of the private equity investment firm, JWMA (formerly True North Partners, LLC), the majority stockholder of First Solar. Prior to joining JWMA, Mr. Ahearn practiced law as a partner in the firm of Gallagher and Kennedy. He received both a B.A. in finance and a J.D. from Arizona State University. Mr. Ahearn currently serves on the boards of First Solar and the German Marshall Fund of the United States. He is also active in community activities and currently serves on the board of GPL (Greater Phoenix Leadership). He had previously served on the boards of Arizona Technology Enterprises, Arizona State University Research Park, Homeward Bound, and the Arizona Science Museum. RICHARD BENDIS Mr. Bendis has distinguished himself as a successful entrepreneur, corpo - rate executive, venture capitalist, investment banker, technology-based economic development leader, and consultant in the technology and health care industries. He currently serves as the founding president and CEO of the Bendis In - vestment Group LLC, (BIG), a global financial intermediary and consulting firm headquartered in Philadelphia. Mr. Bendis has a joint venture management * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium. 217

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218 FUTURE OF PHOTOVOLTAICS MANUFACTURING agreement with Drawbridge Special Opportunities Advisors LLC, an affiliate of the Fortress Investment Group (NYSE, FIG), and a consulting agreement with Laurus/Valens, an alternative asset manager. Under these agreements, BIG is re - sponsible for the sourcing, due diligence, acquisition, origination, management, servicing, disposition of investments (including debt, equity, and other assets) located in BIG’s network. Previously, Mr. Bendis served as chairman, president and CEO of True Product ID, Inc., a global publicly traded anticounterfeiting technology company (NASDAQ, TPID) headquartered in Philadelphia, which he relocated to Beijing, China. Mr. Bendis also founded and served as the first president and CEO of Innovation Philadelphia (IP), a public/private partnership dedicated to growing the wealth and workforce of the Greater Philadelphia Region. IP managed an umbrella of programs under four distinct areas: Direct Equity Investment/Financ- ing Assistance; Technology Commercialization; Global and Regional Economic Development; and Market Research and Branding. Mr. Bendis continues to serve on the IP Board. Previously, Mr. Bendis successfully leveraged a career in the private sec- tor (with Quaker Oats, Polaroid, Texas Instruments, Marion Laboratories and Kimberly Services) and the venture capital industry (RAB Ventures) to build the Kansas Technology Enterprise Corporation (KTEC). As its president and CEO, he developed KTEC into a globally recognized model for technology-based eco - nomic development. Mr. Bendis also successfully built an Inc. 500 health care software company, Continental Healthcare Systems, Inc., which he took public on NASDAQ and later sold to an international conglomerate. In addition, Mr. Bendis managed his own venture capital fund, RAB Ventures, which made 15 investments in early-stage technology and healthcare companies. Mr. Bendis is a frequent, international consultant and speaker to the United Nations, NATO, and the European Commission, national and international tech - nology-based economic development industry organizations and other global enterprises. Mr. Bendis serves on several not-for-profit boards including the National Association of Seed and Venture Funds (NASVF) and the State Science and Technology Institute (SSTI), both of which he was a founding board member. He was a nominee for the 2005 Ernst and Young National Entrepreneur Supporter of the Year Award (EOY) and was the 1996 recipient of the Regional Ernst and Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award; he currently serves as an EOY National Judge. He also serves on the board of FlagshipPDG (NASDAQ, PDGE). ERIC DANIELS Mr. Daniels is currently the vice president of technology for BP Solar and is accountable for programs that span the development of alternative sources of * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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219 APPENDIX A silicon, optimized and next-generation casting and wafering, cell, module and optimized systems technologies. These programs are supported by the U.S. De - partment of Energy’s Solar America Initiative, various EU technology support initiatives and are conducted n partnership with universities around the world. Mr. Daniels’ experience includes manufacturing and over 15 years in commercial roles. He began his solar career working on the development of low-cost solar cell technology for Solarex Corporation under a DoE R&D grant. The success of this work led to the start up and management of production lines in Maryland and Europe. Previous to his current role Mr. Daniels served as vice president of com- ponent sales for BP Solar and was responsible for merging and building global distribution sales following the merger of BP Solar and Solarex. Previous to this Mr. Daniels worked for Siemens Solar and was responsible for marketing, utility sales, and product development/management. In addition, as vice president for strategic marketing and technology with IPC Westinghouse, he was responsible for the commercialization of solar, wind, diesel hybrid power supplies for rural electrification, oil and gas industries, communications, telemetry, security, de - fense, residential, and utility power markets. STEVEN C. FREILICH A native of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Steven Freilich received his B.A. in chemistry from Amherst College in 1978 and a Ph.D. in chemistry from Harvard University in 1983. He joined DuPont Central Research and Develop- ment (CR&D) in 1983, working principally in photoconductivity of polymers and polymer-metal adhesion. In 1987, Dr. Freilich was appointed research manager in DuPont CR&D, leading various groups in the fields of thin film physics, informa- tion storage materials, organic photochemistry, scientific computing, and particle science. He joined DuPont Titanium Technologies in 1997 where he served in various positions, including technical service manager, global business manager, and global technology manager for new business development. He returned to CR&D in 2004 as the director of materials science and engineering. In addition to his current assignment, Dr. Freilich was appointed in 2008 to the position of chief technology officer of the DuPont Electronics and Communication Technologies Platform. He has served on the boards of the United States Display Consortium and DuPont Photonics Technologies, and currently serves on the Materials Sci - ence & Technology Council External Review Panel for Sandia National Labora- tory and is the vice chair of the Advisory Panel for the Center for Revolutionary Solar Photoconversion in Colorado. * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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220 FUTURE OF PHOTOVOLTAICS MANUFACTURING GABRIELLE GIFFORDS Gabrielle Giffords is the U.S. Representative for the Eighth District of Ari- zona, a diverse area that covers 9,000 square miles including a 114-mile border with Mexico. Congresswoman Giffords serves on the House Armed Services Committee and the Subcommittees on Air and Land Forces and Military Readiness where she fights for our military men and women and their families and the installations she represents at Fort Huachuca and Davis-Monthan Air Force Base. On the House Science and Technology Committee and the Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment, Cong. Giffords promotes an agenda of energy independence and solar initiatives in an effort to make Southern Arizona the “Solar-con Valley” of the nation. On the House Foreign Affairs Committee and the Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere, Cong. Giffords monitors our country’s positions abroad, especially relationships in the Western Hemisphere and their impact on compre - hensive immigration reform in the United States. A third generation Arizonan and the youngest woman ever elected to the Arizona State Senate, Cong. Giffords represented her hometown of Tucson in the Arizona Legislature from 2000 to 2005. During her service in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, she worked on legislation to expand health care coverage for Arizona families; to create and attract high-wage jobs to Arizona; and to protect Arizona’s environment and open spaces. She served on the Ap - propriations, Commerce and Economic Development and Finance Committees. As former president and chief executive officer of El Campo Tire, Inc., Cong. Giffords was able to utilize her experience as a small businesswoman with a broad background in national and international economic development. A 1996 graduate of Cornell University with a master’s degree in regional planning, she is also a graduate of Scripps College where she was awarded a William Fulbright Scholarship to study for a year in Chihuahua, Mexico. Between her undergradu- ate work and her master’s she worked as a researcher in San Diego studying the effects of Operation Gatekeeper II on the San Ysidro Port of Entry. Experienced in international relations, Cong. Giffords served as president of the Atlantic Association of Young Political Leaders, represented the National Committee on China-U.S. Relations as a Young Leader’s Forum Fellow and was a German Marshall Fund Manfred-Worner Fellow. In 2005 Cong. Giffords was selected for the inaugural two-year class of the Aspen-Rodel Fellowships in Public Leadership. For combining her strong business background with a powerful commitment to public service, Cong. Giffords was named Woman of the Year by Tucson Busi - ness Edge in 2005; the YWCA named her Woman on the Move the same year. For her commitment to protecting the environment, she was named Legislator of the Year by the Arizona Planning Association and Most Valuable Player by the Sierra * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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221 APPENDIX A Club. She was awarded the Top 10 Technology Legislator of the Year award by the Arizona Technology Council for three straight years—2003, 2004, 2005. She was named the Legislator of the Year in 2004 by the Mental Health Association of Arizona. She was also recently named one of America’s Eight Young Leaders Worth Watching by Gannett News Service. Congresswoman Giffords’ commitment to her community has not been lim - ited to her service in the legislature. She has devoted her time as a member of over a dozen boards including 162nd Air National Guard Fighter Wing Minute - man Committee, the Metropolitan YMCA, the Anti-Defamation League, the Breast Cancer Boot Camp and the Tohono Chul Park. She is also a member of Congregation Chaverim. With her family living in southern Arizona, Giffords has strong ties to Tucson and Sierra Vista. Her father served on the school board in Tanque Verde District and her mother is an art conservator. Her grandparents lived in southeastern Ari- zona and are buried in Ft. Huachuca. Cong. Giffords and her husband Mark Kelly enjoy hiking and spending time in the canyons and desert of Arizona. WILLIAM HARRIS Dr. Harris is the president and chief executive officer of Science Foundation Arizona (SFAz). Prior to joining SFAz, Dr. William C. Harris was in Ireland serving as direc- tor general of Science Foundation Ireland (SFI), a new Irish agency that helped facilitate tremendous growth in Ireland’s R&D sector during Dr. Harris’ tenure. Immediately prior to going to Ireland, Dr. Harris was vice president of research and professor of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of South Carolina (USC). There, he oversaw research activities throughout the USC system, several interdisciplinary centers and institutes, the USC Research Foundation and spon - sored research programs. Dr. Harris served at the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) from 1978 to 1996, including as the director for mathematical and physical sciences (1991- 1996). He was responsible for federal grants appropriation of $750 million. He also established 25 Science and Technology Centers to support investigative, interdisciplinary research by multiuniversity consortia. Earlier in his career, he catalyzed the Research Experience for Undergraduates program in the chemistry division and it became an NSF-wide activity. In 2005, Dr. Harris was elected a member of the Irish Royal Academy, and received the Wiley Lifetime Achievement Award from California Polytechnic State University. He has authored more than 50 research papers and review articles in spectroscopy and is a fellow of the American Association for the Ad - vancement of Science. * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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222 FUTURE OF PHOTOVOLTAICS MANUFACTURING Dr. Harris earned his undergraduate degree at the College of William and Mary, and received his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of South Carolina. MARK HARTNEY Dr. Mark Hartney joined FlexTech/USDC in June 2007 as chief technical officer. As CTO, Mark manages all technical activities of the FlexTech USDC, including: working with industry on the proposal and selection process of techni - cal projects; management of project contracts; communication with government sponsors; chairing the Technical Council; and all other activities involved with fulfilling the organization’s technical mission, including as managing director of the 3D@Home Consortium. From 2005 to 1996, Dr. Hartney worked as a market strategist for semicon- ductor, consumer electronics and storage companies—first at dpiX, a display and sensor company, next at Silicon Image, an electronics developer and manufac - turer, and finally as principal with Table Talk Consulting. From 1992 to 1996, Dr. Hartney worked in a variety of positions in Washing- ton, D.C., executing federal policy and managed projects on both semiconductor manufacturing and displays, at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). Dr. Hartney also held positions at MIT Lincoln Labs and AT&T Bell Labs. Dr. Hartney is a graduate of MIT (B.S. and M.S.) and earned his doctoral degree at University of California at Berkeley. He has over 60 technical publica - tions, 100 conference presentations and 4 issued patents. KEVIN HURST Dr. Hurst works on policy issues related to energy and climate change technologies, including renewable energy, sustainable buildings, efficient manu - facturing, carbon capture and sequestration, smart grid, biofuels, and advanced transportation technologies. His technical background is in electrical engineer- ing, with a bachelor’s degree from MIT and a Ph.D. from Georgia Tech. His first job was division officer on a U.S. Navy submarine tender in New London, Connecticut. Prior to joining OSTP, Dr. Hurst worked as a senior engineer for Sundstrand Aerospace and General Motors, where he led development of power converters for, respectively, aircraft systems and hybrid vehicle systems. He began work at OSTP as an American Association for the Advancement of Sci- ence policy fellow (2000-2001) and subsequently joined the OSTP regular staff. * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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223 APPENDIX A NORMAN JOHNSTON Norman Johnston currently serves as CEO and president of McMaster En- ergy Enterprises (MEE), vice chairman of Calyxo GmbH and chairman of Ohio Advanced Energy (OAE). MEE includes a number of companies primarily de - veloping alternative energy products, including Solar Fields LLC. These products range from on-board hydrogen from water supplemented conventional engines to various coated glass products, including solar panels. Dr. Johnston holds a Ph.D. in polymer science and has authored over 60 marketing and technical publications and patents. Over his career, Dr. Johnston has been director of planning and director of research for Owens Corning, presi - dent of Building Products, and vice president of technology and engineering for Libbey Owens Ford, CEO and president of Solvay Automotive, a major producer of plastic automotive parts, and CEO and president of Jancor, a producer of win - dows and plastic building products. Dr. Johnston has also served on the boards of several multinational companies and numerous local organizations. MARCY KAPTUR Congresswoman Kaptur, of Polish-American heritage with humble, working- class roots, mirrors the boot-strap nature of her district. Her family operated a small grocery where her mother worked after serving on the original organizing committee of an auto trade union at Champion Spark Plug. Congresswoman Kap- tur became the first family member to attend college, receiving a scholarship for her undergraduate work. Trained as a city and regional planner, she practiced 15 years in Toledo and throughout the United States before seeking office. Appointed as an urban advisor to the Carter White House, she helped maneuver 17 housing and neighborhood revitalization bills through the Congress during those years. Subsequently, while pursuing a doctorate in urban planning and development finance at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, her local party recruited her to run for the House seat in 1982. Congresswoman Kaptur had been a well-known party activist and volunteer since age 13. Though outspent by 3 to 1 in the first campaign, her deep roots in the blue collar neighborhoods and rural areas of the district made her race the national upset of 1982. Congresswoman Kaptur fought vigorously to win a seat on the House Ap- propriations Committee. Since elected, she has risen in seniority and is now the senior Democratic woman on Appropriations. She has secured subcommittees on Agriculture, the leading industry in her state, Transportation/Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and Defense. She is the first Democratic woman to serve on the House Defense Appropriations Subcommittee. In her legislative career, she has also served on the Budget; Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs; Veterans * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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224 FUTURE OF PHOTOVOLTAICS MANUFACTURING Affairs committees, and on Veterans Affairs-Housing and Urban Development and Independent Agencies (Environmental Protection, Veterans, and NASA and the National Science Foundation), Foreign Operations, and Military Construc - tion Appropriations subcommittees, which have allowed her to pursue her strong interests in economic growth and new technology, community rebuilding, and veterans. Congresswoman Kaptur was also appointed by party leadership to serve on the prestigious House Budget Committee for the 110th Congress. Congresswoman Kaptur has focused strong efforts on rebuilding the eco- nomic might of her district, such as improvements in bridge, road, rail and port facilities, including the New Maumee River Crossing—the largest bridge project in Ohio’s history; expansion of Toledo’s Farmers’ Market; development of the Maumee River Heritage Corridor between Ohio and Indiana, which includes passage of legislation and funds to acquire Fallen Timbers as a national affiliate of the U.S. Park Service; clean-up of the waterways adjacent to Lake Erie; devel - opment of initiatives to enhance the earnings potential of Northwest Ohio crops; shipping of federal cargos on the Great Lakes; acquisition of wildlife refuges and shoreline recreation; and expansion of university-related research. Congresswoman Kaptur directed federal support to acquire Quarry Pond as the centerpiece for a new conservation and lands legacy endowment for northwest Ohio. Lucas County-based 180th Tactical Fighter Squadron underwent an F-16 modernization attributable to her efforts. Current and former Defense Department and other private-sector workers who were exposed to and suffer from beryllium were the beneficiaries of a major piece of legislation she guided to passage. She was awarded the Veterans of Foreign Wars Americanism Award, in part for introducing the legislation authorizing the National World War II Memorial in Washington in 1987, as well as for her longstanding commitment to America’s veterans. She also received the Prisoner of War “Barbed Wire” Award for her commitment to veterans’ affairs. Dedicated to the principle that fiscal responsibility begins in “one’s own backyard,” Congresswoman Kaptur has consistently returned money to the fed- eral treasury. She refuses to accept congressional pay raises and donates them to offset the federal deficit and charitable causes in her home community. Marcy Kaptur is a lifelong resident of Toledo, Ohio, a member of Little Flower Roman Catholic Church, and a graduate of St. Ursula Academy. In 1968, Kaptur earned a bachelor of arts degree in history from the University of Wisconsin. She received her master’s degree in urban planning from the University of Michigan. In 1993, Congresswoman Kaptur was awarded an Hon- orary Doctor of Laws degree by the University of Toledo in recognition of her “effective representation of the community,” of the university and of northwest Ohio. St. Ursula Academy named Kaptur Alumna of the Year in 1995. Last year, the University of Michigan honored Congresswoman Kaptur with the Taubman * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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225 APPENDIX A College Distinguished Alumna award. Congresswoman Kaptur is the first woman so recognized and the first graduate of the Urban and Regional Planning Program to receive this award. Congresswoman Kaptur recently received the Director’s Award from the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University for her commitment to increased understanding and appreciation of the peoples and cultures of Eurasia, Russia, and eastern Europe. She was named the National Mental Health Association’s “Legislator of the Year” for her championing mental health and received the 2002 Ellis Island Medal of Honor. Congresswoman Kaptur is also the author of a book, Women in Congress, which was published by Congressional Quarterly. JOHN E. KELLY III Dr. John E. Kelly III is IBM senior vice president and director of research. In this job he directs the worldwide operations of IBM Research, with 3,200 techni - cal employees at eight laboratories in six countries around the world, and helps guide IBM’s overall technical strategy. Dr. Kelly’s top priority as head of IBM Research is to stimulate innovation in key areas and quickly bring those innovations into the marketplace to sustain and grow IBM’s existing business, and to create the new businesses of IBM’s future. IBM applies these innovations to help our clients succeed. Dr. Kelly also leads IBM’s worldwide intellectual property business as well as the company’s open-source and open-standards strategies and practices. Prior to beginning his current assignment in July of 2007, Dr. Kelly was se - nior vice president of technology and intellectual property, responsible for IBM’s technical and innovation strategies. In 2000, Dr. Kelly was group executive for IBM’s Technology Group, where he was responsible for developing, manufacturing and marketing IBM’s micro - electronics technologies, products and services. Dr. Kelly joined IBM in 1980. Between 1980 and 1990, he held numerous management and technical positions related to the development and manufac - turing of IBM’s advanced semiconductor technologies. In 1990, he was named director of IBM’s Semiconductor Research and Development Center. In 1994, he was appointed vice president of business process reengineering for the Micro - electronics Division. In 1995, he was named vice president of systems, technology and science for the IBM Research Division. In this role, Dr. Kelly was responsible for the company’s most advanced research activities. The following year, he was named vice president of strategy, technology, and operations for the Microelectronics * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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226 FUTURE OF PHOTOVOLTAICS MANUFACTURING Division. In 1997, he was appointed vice president of server development (from work stations to supercomputers) for IBM. In January of 1999, he was appointed general manager of IBM’s Microelectronics Division, a position he held until August 2000. Dr. Kelly received a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from Union Col- lege in 1976. He received a Master of Science degree in physics from the Rens- selaer Polytechnic Institute in 1978 and his doctorate in materials engineering from RPI in 1980. In 2004, he received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from The Graduate School at Union College. Dr. Kelly is on the board of governors of The IBM Academy of Technology; a board member and former chairman of the Semiconductor Industry Associa - tion; a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and on the board of trustees of Union College. ERIC K. LIN Eric Lin is chief of the Polymers Division in the Materials Science and Engi- neering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). He received a B.S.E. from Princeton University in 1991 (summa cum laude) and master’s and Ph.D. degrees from Stanford in 1992 and 1996, respectively, all in chemical engineering. Dr. Lin joined the NIST Polymers Division as an NRC-NIST postdoctoral associate in 1996, and joined the permanent staff in 1998. In 2002, he became the leader of the Electronics Group, where he established world-class research programs in semiconductor electronics processing, nanoscale materials, and or- ganic electronics. His honors include the NIST Bronze and Silver Medals, the NIST Slichter Awards twice, the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), and participation in the National Academy of Science Kavli Frontiers of Science program. He is active in activities of several profes - sional organizations, including the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the American Physical Society, and the Materials Research Society. ROBERT M. MARGOLIS Robert M. Margolis is a senior analyst in the Washington, D.C., office of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Since joining NREL in 2003, Dr. Margolis has served as the lead analyst for the Solar Energy Technologies Program. In this role he has helped to define and carry out a broad analytical agenda focused on examining the potential for and challenges related to widespread adoption of solar energy. He has worked on issues such as; energy-economic- environmental modeling, including national and global-scale models; economic and * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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227 APPENDIX A market analysis of renewable energy technologies; R&D planning and evaluation; and long-term scenario development. Prior to working at NREL, Dr. Margolis was a member of the research faculty in the Department of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University and a research fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University. Dr. Margolis earned a B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Rochester, an M.S. in tech- nology and policy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. in science, technology, and environmental policy from Princeton University. W. CLARK MCFADDEN II W. Clark McFadden II represents corporate clients in international trade, encompassing work in litigation, regulation, and legislation. He also specializes in international corporate transactions, especially the formation of joint ventures and consortia, and international investigations and enforcement proceedings. Mr. McFadden has a broad background in foreign affairs and international trade, having experience with congressional committees, the U.S. Department of Defense, and the National Security Council. In 1986, he was appointed general counsel, President’s Special Review Board (“Tower Commission”), to investigate the National Security Council sys - tem and the Iran-Contra Affair. In 1979, Mr. McFadden served as special counsel to the Senate Foreign Rela- tions Committee on the Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty (SALT II). Previously, from 1973-1976, he was general counsel, Senate Armed Services Committee, and was responsible to the committee for all legislative, investigatory and oversight activities. Mr. McFadden is the secretary to the board of directors of the Semiconductor Industry Association, the Optoelectronics Industry Development Association, and the Semiconductor Research Corporation. MARK PINTO Dr. Mark R. Pinto is the chief technology officer, senior vice president, and general manager of the Energy and Environmental Solutions (EES) business at Applied Materials. Appointed corporate CTO in 2004, Dr. Pinto is responsible for the company’s overall technology direction, its advanced R&D programs, and de- veloping new business opportunities while also serving as chairman of Applied’s Venture Investment Committee. In addition, Dr. Pinto leads the recently formed EES business which grew out of efforts to expand Applied’s nanomanufacturing technology competencies into new markets, including cost effective solutions for solar photovoltaic module production. * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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228 FUTURE OF PHOTOVOLTAICS MANUFACTURING Previously, Dr. Pinto spent 19 years with the research division of Bell Labo - ratories and the Lucent Microelectronics Group, later spun off as Agere Systems. He was named a Bell Labs Fellow, the company’s highest technical honor, for his contributions to semiconductor devices and simulation. Dr. Pinto received bachelor’s degrees from Rensselear Polytechnic Institute and a master’s degree and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford Univer- sity. As part of his doctoral work, he developed the device simulator PISCES-II, which was a standard tool in the industry for many years. Dr. Pinto has authored or co-authored more than 150 papers and has nine patents. He has been active in industry consortia including serving on the board of directors of Semiconductor Research Corporation and the Technology Strategy Committee of the Semicon - ductor Industry Association. He is also a fellow of the IEEE and served as an adjunct professor at Yale University. STEVE O’ROURKE Steve O’Rourke, managing director, joined Deutsche Bank in June of 2004 as a senior analyst covering Semiconductor Capital Equipment and materials, and ex- panded coverage to include the Solar PV Energy space since in 2006. Previously, he had held similar roles at Piper Jaffray and Robertson Stephens. Prior to working on Wall Street, O’Rourke spent more than eight years at Applied Materials, where he assumed numerous roles of increasing responsibility in engineering, sales and marketing, operations, product management, and strategic marketing. Then, for two years, he worked at an early-stage start-up company, Everdream Corp., in general management roles. O’Rourke earned his B.S. in electrical engineering from the U.S. Naval Academy, did graduate work in nuclear engineering with the U.S. Navy, and served three years as a submarine officer. JIM RYAN Dr. Ryan attended Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York, where he received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in chemistry and an M.S. degree in biomedical engineering. Dr. Ryan is the founding dean of the Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering of North Carolina A&T State University and the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. His responsibilities include academic and administrative leadership of JSNN as well as the development of strategic partnerships with industry and government organizations. Dr. Ryan’s research interests include thin-film deposition; interconnect technology, semi- conductor manufacturing technology, and radiation-hardened nanoelectronics. Dr. Ryan joined JSNN after working at the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) of the University at Albany as associate vice president of * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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229 APPENDIX A technology and professor of nanoscience from 2005 to 2008. At CNSE, he man - aged the cleanrooms and numerous consortia involving CNSE and its industrial partners, such as IBM, TEL, AMAT, ASML, and others. Dr. Ryan joined CNSE after a 25-year career with IBM. From 2003 to 2005, he was a distinguished engineer and director of advanced materials and process technology development and served as the site executive for IBM at Albany Nanotech. Prior to that assignment Dr. Ryan managed interconnect technology groups in research, development and manufacturing engineering areas at IBM. He is the author of over 100 publications and presentations, has 47 U.S. patents, and is the recipient of numerous awards, including 17 IBM invention plateaus, an IBM Corporate Patent Portfolio award, an IBM Division Patent Portfolio Award, IBM Outstanding Technical Achievement Awards for Dual Damascene and for Copper technologies, and the 1999 SRC Mahboob Khan Mentor Award. BOB STREET Bob Street is a Senior Research Fellow at the Palo Alto Research Center in California. His research interests are in large-area electronic materials and devices, including amorphous silicon, flat-panel x-ray image sensors, printed organic semiconductors, and flexible displays. DICK SWANSON Dr. Richard Swanson co-founded SunPower in 1985. He has served as presi- dent and chief technical officer since June 2003 and has been a member of the board of directors since 1985. Prior to his current position, Dr. Swanson served as chief executive officer and president from 1991 to June 2003 and vice president and director of technology from 1990 to 1991. From 1976 to 1991, Dr. Swanson served as a professor of electrical engineering at Stanford University. He holds a Ph.D. from Stanford University and both bachelor’s and master’s degrees in electrical engineering from Ohio State University. JOHAN VAN HELLEPUTTE Johan Van Helleputte is IMEC senior vice president, Strategic Development Unit, in charge of • IMEC’s corporate business plan; • Negotiation of the protocol agreements with the Flemish Government; • Start-up of new, strategically important projects; * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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230 FUTURE OF PHOTOVOLTAICS MANUFACTURING • Development of new strategic initiatives to support local and international hi-tech companies, such as the Microelectronics Training Center (established in 1999); and • Corporate communication towards the local government organizations and other local stakeholders. CHARLES WESSNER Charles Wessner is a National Academy Scholar and director of the Program on Technology, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship. He is recognized nationally and internationally for his expertise on innovation policy, including public-private partnerships, entrepreneurship, early-stage financing for new firms, and the special needs and benefits of high-technology industry. He testifies to the U.S. Congress and major national commissions, advises agencies of the U.S. government and in- ternational organizations, and lectures at major universities in the United States and abroad. Reflecting the strong global interest in innovation, he is frequently asked to address issues of shared policy interest with foreign governments, universities, research institutes, and international organizations, often briefing government min- isters and senior officials. He has a strong commitment to international cooperation, reflected in his work with a wide variety of countries around the world. Dr. Wessner’s work addresses the linkages between science-based economic growth, entrepreneurship, new technology development, university-industry clus- ters, regional development, small-firm finance and public-private partnerships. His program at the National Academies also addresses policy issues associated with international technology cooperation, investment, and trade in high-tech - nology industries. Currently, he directs a series of studies centered on government measures to encourage entrepreneurship and support the development of new technologies and the cooperation between industry, universities, laboratories, and government to capitalize on a nation’s investment in research. Foremost among these is a con - gressionally mandated study of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, reviewing the operation and achievements of this $2.3 billion award program for small companies and start-ups. He is also directing a major study on best practice in global innovation programs, entitled Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century. Today’s meeting on “The Future of Photovoltaic Manufacturing in the United States” forms part of a complementary analysis entitled Competing in the 21st Century: Best Practice in State & Regional Innovation Initiatives. The overarching goal of Dr. Wessner’s work is to develop a better understanding of how we can bring new technologies forward to address global challenges in health, climate, energy, water, infrastructure, and security. * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.

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231 APPENDIX A KEN ZWEIBEL Ken Zweibel has almost 30 years experience in solar photovoltaics. He was at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (Golden, CO) much of that time and the program leader for the Thin Film PV Partnership Program until 2006. The Thin Film Partnership worked with most U.S. participants in thin film PV (companies, universities, scientists) and is often credited with being important to the success of thin-film PV in the United States. Corporate participants in the Partnership included First Solar, UniSolar, Global Solar, Shell Solar, BP Solar, and numerous others. Dr. Zweibel subsequently co-founded and became president of a thin-film CdTe PV start-up, PrimeStar Solar, a majority share of which was purchased by General Electric. Dr. Zweibel became the founding director of the Institute for Analysis of Solar Energy at George Washington University at its formation in 2008. Dr. Zweibel is frequently published and known worldwide in solar energy. He has written two books on PV and co-authored a Scientific American article (January 2008) on solar energy as a solution to climate change and energy problems. * Biographies as of April 2009, distributed at symposium.