• To develop techniques for battlefield information fusion and processing, language translation, and autonomous agent control; and

  • To develop self-configuring wireless network technologies that enable secure, scalable, energy-efficient, and survivable tactical networks.

Tables A.1 and A.2 in Appendix A respectively characterize the funding profile and the staffing profile for CISD.

CHANGES SINCE THE PREVIOUS REVIEW

Since the last documented review (for the 2005-2006 period),1 several changes have affected CISD’s research activities. The first of these was the major reorganization in 2008 that increased the number of divisions from three to four. Only BED remained unchanged. The new addition was the Network Science Division, formed from assets in the prior Computer and Communication Sciences Division and the High Performance Computing Division. This new division, NSD, grew out of the recognition that networking sciences at several levels had become key to many Army future needs, especially the mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) expected to be found in profusion on future battlefields. NSD’s charter emphasizes technologies that enhance tactical communications and networking capabilities both with warfighters and with sensor networks; methodologies to analyze, model, design, predict, and control the performance of such networks; and system architectures and algorithms to recognize and react to intrusion-detection events in such networks.

The former Computer and Communication Sciences Division was reformulated into the Information Sciences Division, with a charter primarily focused on fusing timely information from all relevant sources for the warfighter in real time.

In addition, the remaining assets of the former High Performance Computing Division were reformulated into the Advanced Computing and Computational Sciences Division, with a charter focused on using advanced computational sciences and high-performance computational resources. This division still manages or oversees two supercomputer facilities: the DoD Supercomputing Resource Center in Aberdeen, Maryland, and the Army High Performance Computing Research Center (AHPCRC), which has moved from Minnesota to California and is now directed by a team at Stanford University.

Along with this reorganization, the Communications and Networks CTA continues to advance survivable and secure information communication and processing over wireless mobile networks.

Also, the new International Technology Alliance on Network and Information Sciences was formed, involving participation from institutions in both the United States and Great Britain. The focus of this ITA is on managing end-to-end information flows in support of coalition decision making.

The three newly announced CTAs for fiscal year (FY) 2009 in Robotics, Cognition and Neuroergonomics, and Network Science will all directly relate to CISD activities. In line with Army Research Laboratory (ARL) initiatives, CISD has also established a new Mobile Network Modeling Institute and has continued investments through the DoD High Performance Computing Modernization program. Moreover, CISD has continued investments through the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program to bring in new technologies from emerging high-technology companies.

1

National Research Council, 2005-2006 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2007.



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