The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
Driving and the Built Environment: The Effects of Compact Development on Motorized Travel, Energy Use, and CO2 Emissions
Giuliano, G., and K. Small. 1991. Subcenters in the Los Angeles Region.
Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 163–182.
Glaeser, E. L., and M. E. Kahn. 2001.
Decentralized Employment and the Transformation of the American City. Working Paper 8117. National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Mass.
Hobbs, F., and N. Stoops. 2002.
Demographic Trends in the 20th Century. Census 2000 Special Reports, Series CENSR-4. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
Horner, M. 2007. A Multi-scale Analysis of Urban Form and Commuting Change in a Small Metropolitan Area (1990–2000).
Annals of Regional Science, Vol. 41, pp. 315–352.
Kim, S. 2007. Changes in the Nature of Urban Spatial Structure in the United States, 1890–2000.
Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp. 273–287.
Kneebone, E. 2009.
Job Sprawl Revisited: The Changing Geography of Metropolitan Employment. Metropolitan Policy Program. Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C.
Lang, R. E., and J. LeFurgy. 2003. Edgeless Cities: Examining the Noncentered Metropolis.
Housing Policy Debate, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 427–460.
Lee, B. 2007. “Edge” or “Edgeless” Cities? Urban Spatial Structure in U.S. Metropolitan Areas, 1980–2000.
Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 47, No. 3, pp. 479–515.
Lee, S., J. Seo, and C. Webster. 2006. The Decentralizing Metropolis: Economic Diversity and Commuting in U.S. Suburbs.
Urban Studies, Vol. 43, No. 13, pp. 2525–2549.
Mieszkowski, P., and E. Mills. 1993. The Causes of Metropolitan Suburbanization.
Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 135–147.
National Resources Inventory 2002 and 2003 Annual NRI. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. www.nrcs.usda.gov/technical/NRI/2002/glossary.html. Accessed Aug. 28, 2008.
Natural Resources Inventory, 2003 Annual NRI, Land Use. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.
OMB. 2000. Standards for Defining Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas.
Federal Register,Vol. 65, No. 249, pp. 82228–82238.
Pushkarev, B. S., and J. M. Zupan. 1977.
Public Transportation and Land Use Policy. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
U.S. Bureau of the Census. 2008.
The 2009 Statistical Abstract, Table 2. Population: 1960 to 2007. www.census.gov/compendia/statab/. Accessed Feb. 26, 2009.
Yang, J. 2008. Policy Implications of Excess Commuting: Examining the Impacts of Changes in U.S. Metropolitan Spatial Structure.
Urban Studies, Vol. 45, No. 2, pp. 391–405.