TABLE 12-1 Treated Chronic Disease Prevalence by Body Mass Index (BMI) for Top 10 Health Conditions, Medicare Beneficiaries, 1987, 1997, and 2006

BMI distribution

1987

1997

2006

Normal 45.0% (%)

Overweight 36.9% (%)

Obese 13.8% (%)

Normal 40.9% (%)

Overweight 36.3% (%)

Obese 19.9% (%)

Normal 32.4% (%)

Overweight 37.0% (%)

Obese 28.4% (%)

Treated condition(ranked by spending)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heart disease

28.6

27.1

27.3

28.9

28.8

33.2

24.7

26.3

30.5

Cancer

11.0

10.7

12.0

14.2

17.5

14.9

13.6

14.0

13.5

Trauma

17.8

15.0

17.9

22.2

19.7

20.2

13.8

14.3

18.1

Hypertension

31.4

42.4

51.7

32.7

44.0

57.0

45.2

56.2

63.0

Arthritis

17.4

23.9

31.8

25.9

30.1

41.7

19.9

23.6

33.5

Diabetes

8.6

14.5

23.3

8.8

15.6

29.2

11.2

19.8

35.9

Mental disorders

9.7

6.0

8.4

19.1

15.1

20.9

20.6

20.7

28.7

Pulmonary conditions

15.9

14.4

14.4

24.5

26.6

25.8

21.0

21.4

27.4

Kidney disease

2.4

1.7

4.0

1.9

2.7

4.1

3.1

2.9

5.3

Hyperlipidemia

3.3

3.2

2.6

9.6

15.6

13.0

28.0

40.0

42.5

NOTE: Authors’ tabulations using 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey and the 1997 and 2006 Household Component to the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), restricted to adults with 6 or more months of Medicare coverage in the survey year, a population overwhelmingly 65 years of age and older, but also including smaller numbers of disabled adults younger than 65 in each year. The MEPS datasets provide nationally representative estimates of healthcare spending, insurance status, use of medical services, sources of payment, and disease prevalence along with a broad set of socioeconomic characteristics for the noninstitutionalized civilian population in the United States.



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