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Appendix G
Data Tables Containing Examples of New SNDA-III Analyses

LIST OF TABLES

  • Table G-1 Mean Percentage of Energy from Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner, and Snacks for School Meal Participants, by Age Group and Gender from SNDA-III

  • Table G-2 Usual Daily Food Energy Intakes (kcal) of National School Lunch Program Participants and Nonparticipants

  • Table G-3 Usual Daily Magnesium Intakes (mg) of National School Lunch Program Participants and Nonparticipants



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Appendix G Data Tables Containing Examples of New SNDA-III Analyses LIST OF TABLES • Table G-1 Mean Percentage of Energy from Breakfast, Lunch, Din- ner, and Snacks for School Meal Participants, by Age Group and Gender from SNDA-III • Table G-2 Usual Daily Food Energy Intakes (kcal) of National School Lunch Program Participants and Nonparticipants • Table G-3 Usual Daily Magnesium Intakes (mg) of National School Lunch Program Participants and Nonparticipants 

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 SCHOOL MEALS TABLE G-1 Mean Percentage of Energy from Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner, and Snacks for School Meal Participants, by Age Group and Gender, from SNDA-III SBP NSLP Type of Estimate Type of Estimate Sample Recall Student Sample Recall Student Data (%)a Defined (%)b Size Size Data (%) Defined (%) 6–10 y, Males 129 441 and Females Breakfast 22.9 20.4 19.3 17.6 Lunch 28.8 28.1 30.7 29.3 Dinner 20.0 23.1 20.3 23.4 Snacks 28.4 28.4 29.7 29.7 11–13 y, Males 73 238 18.6 Breakfast 16.9 17.9 16.1 29.6 Lunch 27.8 26.8 28.7 Dinner 23.9 26.5 20.6 23.3 Snacks 29.8 29.8 31.9 32.0 11–13 y, Females 55 204 Breakfast 19.1 18.4 14.7 14.2 Lunch 30.8 29.4 32.7 31.5 Dinner 22.2 24.2 23.4 25.2 Snacks 28.0 28.0 29.1 29.1 14–18 y, Males 53 221 24.5 Breakfast 23.2 15.3 13.4 34.2 Lunch 27.9 27.1 32.0 Dinner 14.9 17.7 20.2 24.2 Snacks 32.6 32.6 30.3 30.3 14–18 y, Females 71 282 Breakfast 20.6 18.5 15.7 14.1 Lunch 27.1 26.1 32.7 31.4 Dinner 22.3 25.3 19.7 22.5 Snacks 30.1 30.1 31.9 32.1 NOTES: NSLP = National School Lunch Program; SBP = School Breakfast Program; SNDA-III = third School Nutrition Dietary Assessment study; y = years. The bold font in the columns for the NSLP participants show the range for the percentage of the day’s calories consumed at lunch, and the bold font in the columns for the SBP participants show the range for the percentage of the day’s calories consumed at breakfast. aThe percentages that are based on recall data represent the percentages of calories from eating occasions that occurred during specified time periods, following rules developed for the School Nutrition Dietary Assessment study (USDA/FNS, 2007a). bThe percentages of student-defined values represent the percentages of calories from eating occasions that the students defined as breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks. SOURCE: Analysis of SNDA-III data (USDA/FNS, 2007a).

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TABLE G-2 Usual Daily Food Energy Intakes (kcal) of National School Lunch Program Participants and Nonparticipants, Mean and Percentiles by Age Group and Gender Age Group N Mean SE 2.5% 5% 10% 25% 50% 75% 90% 95% 97.5% 6–10-year-olds 612 2,003.9 15.76 1,313.3 1,412.2 1,529.0 1,733.9 1,979.3 2,245.1 2,506.0 2,677.7 2,840.7 Participants 441 1,997.7 19.92 1,260.2* 1,366.6 1,491.9 1,710.5 1,970.9 2,251.3 2,528.2 2,716.0 2,901.0* Nonparticipants 171 2,017.9 16.62 1,611.1* 1,672.1* 1,744.0 1,868.0 2,011.3 2,160.7 2,300.4 2,386.3* 2,462.4* Males 295 2,090.9 26.34 1,300.4* 1,412.7* 1,545.5 1,779.1 2,059.6 2,364.0 2,666.7 2,872.1* 3,074.0* Male Participants 213 2,081.4 35.25 1,183.3* 1,312.0* 1,467.2 1,737.6 2,046.4 2,373.1 2,720.6 2,974.2* 3,231.6* Male 82 2,123.4 49.35 1,345.6* 1,449.9* 1,577.1* 1,807.2 2,090.0 2,403.3 2,712.7* 2,911* 3,091.3* Nonparticipants Females 317 1,925.6 18.00 1,334.3* 1,420.8* 1,523.6 1,702.9 1,913.1 2,134.7 2,343.7 2,473.2* 2,588.2* Female Participants 228 1,919.0 21.37 1,319.8* 1,408.4* 1,513.3 1,695.4 1,907.6 2,130.3 2,339.5 2,468.6* 2,582.9* Female 89 1,939.3 36.45 1,311.2* 1,401.6* 1,509.7* 1,699.4 1,923.8 2,162.3 2,389.1* 2,530.4* 2,656.4* Nonparticipants 11–13-year-olds 684 2,143.6 22.12 1,182.9 1,308.5 1,461.6 1,738.5 2,083.5 2,481.2 2,899.5 3,183.9 3,454.4 Participants 442 2,173.8 25.79 1,242.3* 1,364.2 1,514.1 1,788.4 2,129.5 2,510.9 2,890.5 3,134.9 3,357.7* Nonparticipants 242 2,083.0 41.28 1,088.6* 1,209.6* 1,359.1 1,635.8 1,993.6 2,428.2 2,914.3 3,261.2* 3,602.5* Males 342 2,297.9 26.22 1,483.1* 1,590.8 1,721.6 1,957.6 2,250.8 2,585.8 2,932.9 3,165.5 3,384.7* Male Participants 238 2,267.3 28.52 1,507.6* 1,608.8* 1,732.2 1,956.0 2,232.4 2,540.5 2,847.4 3,045.5* 3,226.5* Male 104 2,368.4 45.55 1,585.3* 1,686.4* 1,810.8* 2,038.8 2,325.0 2,650.5 2,981.3* 3,198.4* 3,399.4* Nonparticipants Females 342 1,954.9 32.57 941.6* 1,068.8 1,227.7 1,523.7 1,899.0 2,325.3 2,754.3 3,032.3 3,286.8* Female Participants 204 2,047.6 41.86 1,027.1* 1,158.1* 1,320.7 1,620.9 1,997.2 2,419.3 2,839.6 3,110.0* 3,356.5* Female 138 1,799.8 48.99 845* 972.5* 1,127.3* 1,402.4 1,737.9 2,126.4 2,547.3* 2,839.7* 3,120.2* Nonparticipants 14–18-year-olds 1,018 2,214.0 22.57 1,050.8 1,198.4 1,379.9 1,711.1 2,129.0 2,620.1 3,150.7 3,520.1 3,877.4 Participants 503 2,338.1 29.10 1,290.5* 1,426.8 1,590.4 1,884.3 2,256.5 2,701.6 3187.8 3,527.0 3,855.1* Nonparticipants 515 2,108.7 33.60 897.5* 1,041.5 1,223.5 1,566.9 2,013.5 2,544.0 3,112.0 3,501.4 3,872.5* Males 506 2,624.7 25.42 1,658.9* 1,789.3 1,946.2 2,226.1 2,570.4 2,962.5 3,370.4 3,645.5 3,905.9* Male Participants 282 2,643.8 22.52 1,983.6* 2,074.9* 2,184.4 2,379.2 2,615.5 2,877.2 3,139.0 3,309.4* 3,466.7*  continued

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TABLE G-2 Continued  Age Group N Mean SE 2.5% 5% 10% 25% 50% 75% 90% 95% 97.5% Male 224 2,605.9 50.31 1,366.4* 1,529.5* 1,727.8 2,083.3 2,523.1 3,034.2 3,583.6 3,964.9* 4,332.0* Nonparticipants Females 512 1,830.4 25.67 860.6* 986.5 1,141.2 1,422.3 1,772.0 2,173.0 2,591.8 2,874.2 3,140.4* Female Participants 221 1,950.3 41.04 978.5* 1,113.3* 1,268.4 1,531.5 1,862.4 2,280.7 2,753.9 3,082.2* 3,393.9* Female 291 1,752.1 32.95 804.5* 923* 1,071.7 1,349.3 1,701.1 2,099.3 2,498.2 2,755.7* 2,991.0* Nonparticipants All students 2,314 2,110.2 11.87 1,168.6 1,296.2 1,446.8 1,714.2 2,050.1 2,436.6 2,841.4 3,124.6 3,405.8 All students 1,386 2,130.7 14.17 1,259.9 1,377.7 1,518.1 1,767.4 2,075.1 2,428.9 2,806.1 3,070.3 3,331.0 Participants All students 928 2,077.7 20.73 1,045.6 1,177.7 1,340.9 1,639.5 2,010.4 2,434.1 2,887.1 3,206.7 3,522.8 Nonparticipants All Males 1,143 2,326.3 15.40 1,459.1 1,574.9 1,714.6 1,964.9 2,273.8 2,627.1 2,999.7 3,256.0 3,503.6 Male Participants 733 2,287.8 17.83 1,477.1 1,587.5 1,719.7 1,954.1 2,240.8 2,567.1 2,911.0 3,147.6 3,376.4 Male 410 2,398.7 30.04 1,410.5* 1,536.9 1,691.4 1,972.9 2,328.6 2,745.5 3,192.1 3,499.9 3,795.7* Nonparticipants All Females 1,171 1,897.9 14.77 1,012.4 1,140.4 1,291.8 1,551.1 1,857.5 2,201.9 2,552.5 2,784.1 3,003.3 Female Participants 653 1,956.1 19.03 1,118.8 1,238.4 1,379.3 1,623.2 1,913.9 2,240.7 2,583.2 2,817.6 3,042.2 Female 518 1,818.3 23.15 901.8* 1,025.8 1,176.9 1,447.9 1,778.1 2,144.1 2,510.3 2,748.3 2,967.0* Nonparticipants NOTES: *Estimates may not be reliable due to inadequate cell size or a large coefficient of variation. Standard error not displayed when percentage is less than 3 or greater than 97. Sample excludes students with unreliable height or weight data. kcal = calories; N = sample size; SE = standard error. SOURCE: Third School Nutrition Dietary Assessment study (SNDA-III) (USDA/FNS, 2007a), 24-hour dietary recalls, school year 2004–2005. Weighted tabulations based on first and second 24-hour recalls prepared by Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. Usual intake distributions were determined for each subgroup using the PC version of the Software for Intake Distribution Estimation (PC-SIDE) (ISU, 1997). Sample includes all students, including those who did not consume a lunch.

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TABLE G-3 Usual Daily Magnesium Intakes (mg) of National School Lunch Program Participants and Nonparticipants, Mean and Percentiles by Age Group and Gender Age Group N Mean SE 2.5% 5% 10% 25% 50% 75% 90% 95% 97.5% 6–10-year-olds 612 248.62 2.27 153.3 166.3 181.9 209.6 243.4 281.8 321.8 348.7 374.1 Participants 441 246.93 2.92 145.7* 159.6 176.1 205.1 240.2 281.0 325.7 357.2 388.0* Nonparticipants 171 252.88 2.46 194.5* 202.7* 212.6 230.3 251.4 273.8 295.1 308.2* 319.8* Males 295 259.53 3.75 151.6* 165.3* 182.3 213.6 253.3 298.7 344.9 375.1* 402.9* Male Participants 213 260.12 5.03 142.7* 158.5* 177.3 210.3 250.8 299.1 354.0 393.8* 433.2* Male Nonparticipants 82 261.08 2.41 220.2* 226.3* 233.5* 246.0 260.4 275.5 289.5* 298.0* 305.6* Females 317 239.04 2.51 160.3* 171.5* 184.8 208.0 235.8 266.5 297.3 317.6* 336.5* Female Participants 228 234.59 3.32 147.7* 159.9* 174.5 200.0 230.5 264.7 299.7 323.2* 345.2* Female Nonparticipants 89 249.27 3.92 182.0* 191.7* 203.2* 223.5 247.5 273.1 297.6* 312.9* 326.6* 11–13-year-olds 684 253.24 2.67 137.9 152.7 170.9 204.1 245.9 294.2 344.7 378.9 411.2 Participants 442 258.92 3.21 145.4* 159.8 177.7 210.8 252.6 300.2 348.3 379.6 408.4* Nonparticipants 242 241.91 4.42 133.3* 146.7* 163.2 193.6 232.9 280.3 332.0 367.8* 402.3* Males 342 272.10 3.39 167.6* 180.8 197.2 227.5 265.9 310.0 354.9 384.5 411.8* Male Participants 238 272.11 4.05 168.9* 182.0* 198.2 227.9 265.5 309.0 354.3 384.8* 413.5* Male Nonparticipants 104 273.37 2.57 225.7* 232.6* 240.8* 255.1 272.1 290.2 307.6* 318.5* 328.3* Females 342 230.10 3.55 119.8* 134.1 151.4 183.1 223.4 270.7 318.5 348.8 375.6* Female Participants 204 241.51 4.64 128.6* 143.1* 161.1 194.3 235.8 282.5 329.2 359.4* 386.9* Female Nonparticipants 138 211.41 5.47 105.8* 120.0* 136.9* 166.6 203.9 248.3 296.0* 328.4* 359.0* 14–18-year-olds 1,018 256.47 2.85 113.6 129.9 150.7 191.0 244.7 309.2 377.4 423.4 466.5 Participants 503 268.11 3.55 141.0* 156.0 174.8 210.6 258.1 315.4 375.3 414.5 450.2* Nonparticipants 515 246.37 4.33 97.1* 113.2 134.1 175.4 232.1 301.7 377.0 428.4 477.2* Males 506 300.06 3.68 165.1* 181.5 202.2 240.9 290.9 349.3 409.7 449.8 487.2* Male Participants 282 299.01 3.70 194.1* 207.6* 224.2 254.6 293.1 337.4 382.0 410.6* 436.4* Male Nonparticipants 224 301.04 6.88 140.4* 158.6* 181.9 227.0 287.3 360.1 437.7 490.3* 540.1* Females 512 215.67 3.34 95.8* 109.7 127.3 161.3 206.3 259.9 316.1 353.7 388.9* Female Participants 221 228.88 4.97 115.6* 128.3* 144.5 176.0 218.4 270.3 326.6 365.4* 402.4* Female Nonparticipants 291 206.75 4.41 86.0* 100.0* 117.9 152.4 197.9 251.4 307.0 343.8* 377.9*  continued

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TABLE G-3 Continued  Age Group N Mean SE 2.5% 5% 10% 25% 50% 75% 90% 95% 97.5% All Students 2,314 252.44 1.52 132.9 148.3 167.1 201.2 244.2 294.4 347.9 384.6 419.9 All Students Participants 1,386 255.50 1.84 144.4 158.7 176.1 207.6 247.5 294.6 345.2 379.8 412.7 All Students Nonparticipants 928 247.67 2.63 120.1 135.4 154.5 190.6 237.9 293.8 352.6 392.6 431.3 All Males 1,143 276.73 2.09 161.2 176.0 194.1 227.1 268.9 317.6 369.1 404.1 437.5 Male Participants 733 274.04 2.42 166.6 180.9 198.3 228.9 265.9 310.6 360.5 394.7 426.6 Male Nonparticipants 410 281.60 3.78 157.3* 172.4 191.3 226.9 272.9 326.9 383.0 420.4 455.4* All Females 1,171 228.71 1.90 119.1 133.6 151.3 183.1 222.5 267.4 313.8 344.9 374.1 Female Participants 653 234.57 2.38 132.8 146.0 162.3 191.8 228.6 270.7 314.4 343.5 371.0 Female Nonparticipants 518 220.48 3.04 105.0* 119.7 137.9 171.4 213.6 262.0 311.7 344.7 375.4* NOTES: *Estimates may not be reliable due to inadequate cell size or a large coefficient of variation. Standard error not displayed when percentage is less than 3 or greater than 97. Sample excludes students with unreliable height or weight data. kcal = calories; N = sample size; SE = standard error. SOURCE: Third School Nutrition Dietary Assessment study (SNDA-III) (USDA/FNS, 2007a), 24-hour dietary recalls, school year 2004–2005. Weighted tabulations based on first and second 24-hour recalls prepared by Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. Usual intake distributions were determined for each subgroup using the PC version of the Software for Intake Distribution Estimation (PC-SIDE) (ISU, 1997). Sample includes all students, including those who did not consume a lunch.