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Appendix O
Comparison of Recommended Nutrient Targets to Various Nutrition Standards for School-Aged Children

LIST OF TABLES

  • Table O-1 Comparison of the Recommended Nutrient Targets with Existing Nutrition Standards for the School Meals Program

  • Table O-2 Comparison of the Recommended Nutrient Targets for the School Breakfast Program and the National School Lunch Program with Values Based on the Recommended Dietary Allowances or Adequate Intake, Elementary School (Ages 5–10 Years)

  • Table O-3 Comparison of the Recommended Nutrient Targets for the School Breakfast Program and the National School Lunch Program with Values Based on the Recommended Dietary Allowances or Adequate Intake, Middle School (Ages 11–13 Years)1

1

The table showing the comparison of the recommended Nutrient Targets for the School Breakfast Program and National School Lunch Program with values based on the Recommended Dietary Allowances or Adequate Intake for high school students can be found in Chapter 7, Table 7-2.



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Appendix O Comparison of Recommended Nutrient Targets to Various Nutrition Standards for School-Aged Children LIST OF TABLES • Table O-1 Comparison of the Recommended Nutrient Targets with Existing Nutrition Standards for the School Meals Program • Table O-2 Comparison of the Recommended Nutrient Targets for the School Breakfast Program and the National School Lunch Program with Values Based on the Recommended Dietary Allowances or Adequate Intake, Elementary School (Ages 5–10 Years) • Table O-3 Comparison of the Recommended Nutrient Targets for the School Breakfast Program and the National School Lunch Program with Values Based on the Recommended Dietary Allowances or Adequate Intake, Middle School (Ages 11–13 Years)1 1 The table showing the comparison of the recommended Nutrient Targets for the School Breakfast Program and National School Lunch Program with values based on the Recom- mended Dietary Allowances or Adequate Intake for high school students can be found in Chapter 7, Table 7-2. 

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 SCHOOL MEALS TABLE O-1 Comparison of the Recommended Nutrient Targets with Existing Nutrition Standards for the School Meal Programs Elementary Middle School High School Breakfast Breakfast Breakfast Nutrient Current Nutrient Current Nutrient Current Stdsa* Stdsa* Stdsa* Targets Targets Targets Calories (kcal) 350–500 554 400–550 554 450–600 554 < 65 < 65 < 65 Cholesterol (mg) — — — ≤ 30% ≤ 30% ≤ 30% Total Fat (% of calories) 25–35 25–35 25–35 < 10 < 10 < 10 < 10 < 10 < 10 Sat. Fat (% of calories) trans fat 0 — 0 — 0 — Linoleic Acid (g) 2.2 — 2.5 — 3.0 — α-Linolenic Acid (g) 0.21 — 0.25 — 0.3 — Protein (g) 10.2 10 21.6 10.0 21.8 10.0 Vitamin A (µg RAE) 129 197 162 197 186 197 Vitamin C (mg) 16 13 20 13 26 13 Vitamin E (mg αT) 2.0 — 2.7 — 3.7 — Thiamin (mg) 0.2 — 0.3 — 0.4 — Riboflavin (mg) 0.31 — 0.41 — 0.45 — Niacin (mg) 3.2 — 4.0 — 4.9 — Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.3 — 0.4 — 0.4 — Folate (µg DFE) 91 — 114 — 138 — Vitamin B12 (µg) 0.8 — 0.9 — 1.1 — Iron (mg) 2.3 3.0 3.5 3.0 4.0 3.0 Magnesium (mg) 49 — 66 — 99 — Zinc (mg) 2.0 — 2.5 — 2.9 — Calcium (mg) 223 257 296 257 323 257 Phosphorus (mg) 242 — 362 — 384 — Potassium (mg) 909 — 1,023 — 1,169 — ≤ 434 ≤ 473 ≤ 495 Sodium (mg) — — — Fiber (g) 5.7 — 6.2 — 7.2 — NOTES: — = none; αT = α-tocopherol; DFE = dietary folate equivalent; g = gram; kcal = calo- ries; mg = milligram; RAE = retinol activity equivalent; Stds = standards; µg = microgram. aBased on food-based menu planning approach, option for kindergarten through grade 12. bBased on food-based menu planning approach, option for kindergarten through grade 3. cBased on food-based menu planning approach, option for grades 4–12. dBased on food-based menu planning approach, option for grades 7–12. SOURCES: *Derived from USDA/FNS, 2000a, 2008e.

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 APPENDIX O Middle School Elementary Lunch Lunch High School Lunch Nutrient Current Nutrient Current Nutrient Current Stdsb* Stdsc* Stdsd* Targets Targets Targets 550–650 633 600–700 785 750–850 825 < 96 < 96 < 96 — — — ≤ 30% ≤ 30% ≤ 30% 25–35 25–35 25–35 < 10 < 10 < 10 < 10 < 10 < 10 0 — 0 — 0 — 3.3 — 3.6 — 4.5 — 0.31 — 0.36 — 0.45 — 15.2 9.0 32.2 15.0 32.5 16.0 192 200 241 285 277 300 24 15 30 17 39 18 3.0 — 4.0 — 5.4 — 0.4 — 0.5 — 0.6 — 0.46 — 0.61 — 0.67 — 4.7 — 6.0 — 7.3 — 0.4 — 0.5 — 0.6 — 136 — 169 — 205 — 1.2 — 1.3 — 1.6 — 3.4 3.3 5.2 4.2 5.9 4.5 72 — 98 — 147 — 2.9 — 3.7 — 4.3 — 332 267 440 370 481 400 361 — 538 — 572 — 1,353 — 1,523 — 1,740 — ≤ 636 ≤ 704 ≤ 736 — — — 8.5 — 9.3 — 10.7 —

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0 SCHOOL MEALS TABLE O-2 Comparison of the Recommended Nutrient Targets for the School Breakfast Program and the National School Lunch Program with Values Based on the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) or Adequate Intake (AI), Elementary School (Ages 5–10 Years) Breakfast Targetsa Lunch Targetsb Current Nutrient RDA/AI Nutrient RDA/AI Nutrient SM-TMI RDA/AI* Targets Method Targets Method Protein (g) 47.4 25 10.2 6.3 15.2 8.3 Vitamin A (µg RAE)c 601 480 129 120 192 160 Vitamin C (mg)c 74 33 16 8.3 24 11 Vitamin E (mg αT) 9.3 8.6 2.0 2.2 3.0 2.9 Thiamin (mg)c 1.16 0.7 0.25 0.18 0.37 0.24 Riboflavin (mg)c 1.45 0.7 0.31 0.18 0.46 0.24 Niacin (mg)c 14.7 9.6 3.2 2.4 4.7 3.2 Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.24 0.8 0.27 0.19 0.40 0.25 Folate (µg DFE) 425 240 91 60 136 80 Vitamin B12 (µg) 3.7 1.4 0.8 0.4 1.2 0.5 Iron (mg)c 10.5 9.2 2.3 2.3 3.4 3.1 Magnesium (mg)c 226 174 49 44 72 58 Zinc (mg)c 9.1 6.2 2.0 1.6 2.9 2.1 Calcium (mg) 1,037 223 250 332 333 ,000 Phosphorus (mg) 1,127 800 242 200 361 266 Potassium (mg) 4,229 909 1,020 1,353 1,359 ,00 ≤ 434d ≤ 636d 2,020d 330e 440e Sodium (mg) ,0 Linoleic Acid (g) 10.4 2.2 2.6 3.3 3.5 0. α-Linolenic Acid (g) 0.97 0.21 0.25 0.31 0.33 .0 Fiber (g)c 26.5 5.7 6.6 8.5 8.8 . NOTES: AIs are presented in italics. RDA/AI values are expressed as a weighted average of the 4–8- and 9–10-year-old groups. αT = α-tocopherol; DFE = dietary folate equivalent; g = gram; kg = kilogram; mg = milligram; RAE = retinol activity equivalent; RDA = Recommended Di- etary Allowance; SM-TMI = School Meal-Target Median Intake; µg = microgram; y = years. aNutrient Targets based on 21.5 percent of the School Meal-TMI; RDA/AI Method values are based on 25 percent of the RDA or AI. bNutrient Targets based on 32 percent of the School Meal-TMI; RDA/AI Method values are based on 33.3 percent of the RDA or AI. cRDA/AI expressed as mean for males and females. dTargets for sodium, which are based on the Tolerable Upper Intake Level, are for the year 2020. eValues for sodium are based on the AI for sodium. SOURCE: *IOM, 2006.

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 APPENDIX O TABLE O-3 Comparison of the Recommended Nutrient Targets for the School Breakfast Program and the National School Lunch Program with Values Based on the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) or Adequate Intake (AI), Middle School (Ages 11–13 Years) Breakfast Targetsa Lunch Targetsb Current Nutrient RDA/AI Nutrient RDA/AI Nutrient SM-TMI RDA/AI* Targets Method Targets Method Protein (g) 100.6 34 21.6 8.5 32.2 11.3 Vitamin A (µg RAE)c 753 600 162 150 241 200 Vitamin C (mg)c 93 45 20 11 30 15 Vitamin E (mg αT) 12.5 11.0 2.7 2.8 4.0 3.7 Thiamin (mg)c 1.48 0.9 0.32 0.23 0.47 0.30 Riboflavin (mg)c 1.9 0.9 0.41 0.23 0.61 0.30 Niacin (mg)c 18.8 12.0 4.0 3.0 6.0 4.0 Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.69 1.0 0.36 0.25 0.54 0.33 Folate (µg DFE) 528 300 114 75 169 100 Vitamin B12 (µg) 4.2 1.8 0.90 0.5 1.34 0.6 Iron (mg)c 16.4 8.0 3.5 2.0 5.2 2.7 Magnesium (mg)c 306 240 66 60 98 80 Zinc (mg)c 11.6 8.0 2.5 2.0 3.7 2.7 Calcium (mg) 1,375 296 325 440 433 ,00 Phosphorus (mg) 1,682 1,250 362 313 538 416 Potassium (mg) 4,760 1,023 1,125 1,523 1,499 ,00 ≤ 473d ≤ 704d 2,200d 375e 500e Sodium (mg) ,00 Linoleic Acid (g) 11.4 2.5 2.8 3.6 3.7 .0 α-Linolenic Acid (g) 1.14 0.25 0.28 0.36 0.37 . Fiber (g)c 29.0 6.2 7.1 9.3 9.5 . NOTES: AIs are presented in italics. αT = α-tocopherol; DFE = dietary folate equivalent; g = gram; kg = kilogram; mg = milligram; RAE = retinol activity equivalent; RDA = Recom- mended Dietary Allowance; SM-TMI = School Meal-Target Median Intake; µg = microgram; y = years. aNutrient Targets based on 21.5 percent of the School Meal-TMI; RDA/AI Method values are based on 25 percent of the RDA or AI. bNutrient Targets based on 32 percent of the School Meal-TMI; RDA/AI Method values are based on 33.3 percent of the RDA or AI. cRDA/AI expressed as mean for males and females. dTargets for sodium, which are based on the Tolerable Upper Intake Level, are for the year 2020. eValues for sodium are based on the AI for sodium. SOURCE: *IOM, 2006.

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