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TABLE O-1 Comparison of the Recommended Nutrient Targets with Existing Nutrition Standards for the School Meal Programs

 

Elementary Breakfast

Middle School Breakfast

High School Breakfast

 

Nutrient Targets

Current Stdsa*

Nutrient Targets

Current Stdsa*

Nutrient Targets

Current Stdsa*

Calories (kcal)

350–500

554

400–550

554

450–600

554

Cholesterol (mg)

< 65

< 65

< 65

Total Fat (% of calories)

25–35

≤ 30%

25–35

≤ 30%

25–35

≤ 30%

Sat. Fat (% of calories)

< 10

< 10

< 10

< 10

< 10

< 10

trans fat

0

0

0

Linoleic Acid (g)

2.2

2.5

3.0

α-Linolenic Acid (g)

0.21

0.25

0.3

Protein (g)

10.2

10

21.6

10.0

21.8

10.0

Vitamin A (μg RAE)

129

197

162

197

186

197

Vitamin C (mg)

16

13

20

13

26

13

Vitamin E (mg αT)

2.0

2.7

3.7

Thiamin (mg)

0.2

0.3

0.4

Riboflavin (mg)

0.31

0.41

0.45

Niacin (mg)

3.2

4.0

4.9

Vitamin B6 (mg)

0.3

0.4

0.4

Folate (μg DFE)

91

114

138

Vitamin B12 (μg)

0.8

0.9

1.1

Iron (mg)

2.3

3.0

3.5

3.0

4.0

3.0

Magnesium (mg)

49

66

99

Zinc (mg)

2.0

2.5

2.9

Calcium (mg)

223

257

296

257

323

257

Phosphorus (mg)

242

362

384

Potassium (mg)

909

1,023

1,169

Sodium (mg)

≤ 434

≤ 473

≤ 495

Fiber (g)

5.7

6.2

7.2

NOTES: — = none; αT = α-tocopherol; DFE = dietary folate equivalent; g = gram; kcal = calories; mg = milligram; RAE = retinol activity equivalent; Stds = standards; μg = microgram.

aBased on food-based menu planning approach, option for kindergarten through grade 12.

bBased on food-based menu planning approach, option for kindergarten through grade 3.

cBased on food-based menu planning approach, option for grades 4–12.

dBased on food-based menu planning approach, option for grades 7–12.

SOURCES:

*Derived from USDA/FNS, 2000a, 2008e.



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