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TABLE O-2 Comparison of the Recommended Nutrient Targets for the School Breakfast Program and the National School Lunch Program with Values Based on the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) or Adequate Intake (AI), Elementary School (Ages 5–10 Years)

Nutrient

SM-TMI

Current RDA/AI*

Breakfast Targetsa

Lunch Targetsb

Nutrient Targets

RDA/AI Method

Nutrient Targets

RDA/AI Method

Protein (g)

47.4

25

10.2

6.3

15.2

8.3

Vitamin A (μg RAE)c

601

480

129

120

192

160

Vitamin C (mg)c

74

33

16

8.3

24

11

Vitamin E (mg αT)

9.3

8.6

2.0

2.2

3.0

2.9

Thiamin (mg)c

1.16

0.7

0.25

0.18

0.37

0.24

Riboflavin (mg)c

1.45

0.7

0.31

0.18

0.46

0.24

Niacin (mg)c

14.7

9.6

3.2

2.4

4.7

3.2

Vitamin B6 (mg)

1.24

0.8

0.27

0.19

0.40

0.25

Folate (μg DFE)

425

240

91

60

136

80

Vitamin B12 (μg)

3.7

1.4

0.8

0.4

1.2

0.5

Iron (mg)c

10.5

9.2

2.3

2.3

3.4

3.1

Magnesium (mg)c

226

174

49

44

72

58

Zinc (mg)c

9.1

6.2

2.0

1.6

2.9

2.1

Calcium (mg)

1,037

1,000

223

250

332

333

Phosphorus (mg)

1,127

800

242

200

361

266

Potassium (mg)

4,229

4,080

909

1,020

1,353

1,359

Sodium (mg)

2,020d

1,320

≤ 434d

330e

≤ 636d

440e

Linoleic Acid (g)

10.4

10.4

2.2

2.6

3.3

3.5

α-Linolenic Acid (g)

0.97

1.0

0.21

0.25

0.31

0.33

Fiber (g)c

26.5

26.4

5.7

6.6

8.5

8.8

NOTES: AIs are presented in italics. RDA/AI values are expressed as a weighted average of the 4–8- and 9–10-year-old groups. αT = α-tocopherol; DFE = dietary folate equivalent; g = gram; kg = kilogram; mg = milligram; RAE = retinol activity equivalent; RDA = Recommended Dietary Allowance; SM-TMI = School Meal-Target Median Intake; μg = microgram; y = years.

aNutrient Targets based on 21.5 percent of the School Meal-TMI; RDA/AI Method values are based on 25 percent of the RDA or AI.

bNutrient Targets based on 32 percent of the School Meal-TMI; RDA/AI Method values are based on 33.3 percent of the RDA or AI.

cRDA/AI expressed as mean for males and females.

dTargets for sodium, which are based on the Tolerable Upper Intake Level, are for the year 2020.

eValues for sodium are based on the AI for sodium.

SOURCE:

*IOM, 2006.



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