tries and use them for the common good of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. A step in this regard was to be the designation of coordination centers for scientific activities throughout the region. These centers were well funded and were to provide technical leadership in selected areas of applied science for the region. According to reports received by the National Research Council (NRC) from specialists in the region, intercountry travel by specialists of the region to the centers was encouraged and readily funded by the governments of the region, although the centers were reported to have served primarily the interests of the host countries and the interests of the USSR. Thus, they seemed to be important components of the science infrastructures of the host countries but less significant as regional hubs. Box 1-1 presents a list of most of the centers.

At the same time, however, the Soviet government apparently was reluctant to place too much responsibility for controlling economic or

BOX 1-1

Research Coordination Centers of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance

  • Improvement of Nutritional Content of Food Products, Sofia

  • Economic Requirements and Standards for International Highways, Sofia

  • Industrial Robots Research and Development, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria

  • Preservation of Ecosystems and Landscapes, Bratislava

  • Utilization of Raw Materials in Lumbering, Bratislava

  • Mechanization and Automation in Crop Raising and Livestock Husbandry, Prague

  • Computer Technology and Mathematical Methods in Transportation, Prague

  • New Chemical Consumer Goods, Berlin

  • Defense Against Atmospheric Pollution, Dresden

  • Biological Problems in Livestock Husbandry, Dummersdorf, GDR

  • New Types of Mineral Fertilizers, Leipzig

  • Synthesis of Fuel Supplements, Schwedt, GDR

  • Utilization of Industrial Wastes, Budapest

  • Economic Forecasting in Development of Automotive Transport Equipment, Budapest

  • New Methods of Utilizing Coal, Katowice

  • New Pesticides and Plant Production Methods, Poznan

  • Economic, Social, and Legal Aspects of Pollution Control, Warsaw

  • Crating and Packaging in the Food Industry, Warsaw

  • Economic Forecasting in Development of Railroad Rolling Stock, Warsaw

SOURCE: NRC Office of Soviet and East European Affairs. 1985. Newsletter 7(1):10-11.

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