Salmonella: A group of bacteria that cause typhoid fever, food poisoning, and enteric fever from contaminated food products.

Salmonellosis: An infection with bacteria called Salmonella. Most persons infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most persons recover without treatment (

Serotype: The characterization of a microorganism based on the kinds and combinations of constituent antigens present in that organism; a taxonomic subdivision of bacteria based on the above.

Species Barrier: Difficulty or impossibility for an infectious agent to pass from one species to another (due to differences between species) (

Stem Cell: A cell that has the potential to develop into many different cell types in the body during early life and growth (

Surge Capacity: A measurable representation of a health care system’s ability to manage a sudden or rapidly progressive influx of patients within the currently available resources at a given point in time (

Surveillance: Used in this workshop summary to refer to data collection and recordkeeping to track the emergence and spread of disease-causing organisms such as antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Syndrome: A group or recognizable pattern of symptoms or abnormalities that indicate a particular trait or disease (

Temporal Barrier: A barrier which blocks the movement of the entire population of an organism some of the time (

Transmission: Process by which a pathogen passes from a source of infection to a new host.

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