Salmonella: A group of bacteria that cause typhoid fever, food poisoning, and enteric fever from contaminated food products.
Salmonellosis: An infection with bacteria called Salmonella. Most persons infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most persons recover without treatment (http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/salmonellosis_gi.html).
Serotype: The characterization of a microorganism based on the kinds and combinations of constituent antigens present in that organism; a taxonomic subdivision of bacteria based on the above.
Species Barrier: Difficulty or impossibility for an infectious agent to pass from one species to another (due to differences between species) (http://www.cite-sciences.fr/lexique/definition1.php?lang=an&id_expo=15&id_habillage=28&iddef=406&idmot=179).
Stem Cell: A cell that has the potential to develop into many different cell types in the body during early life and growth (http://stemcells.nih.gov/info/basics/basics1.asp).
Surge Capacity: A measurable representation of a health care system’s ability to manage a sudden or rapidly progressive influx of patients within the currently available resources at a given point in time (http://www.acep.org/practres.aspx?id=29506).
Surveillance: Used in this workshop summary to refer to data collection and recordkeeping to track the emergence and spread of disease-causing organisms such as antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Syndrome: A group or recognizable pattern of symptoms or abnormalities that indicate a particular trait or disease (http://www.genome.gov/glossary.cfm?key=syndrome).
Temporal Barrier: A barrier which blocks the movement of the entire population of an organism some of the time (http://wdfw.wa.gov/hab/ahg/shrg/11-shrg_fish_passage_restoration.pdf).
Transmission: Process by which a pathogen passes from a source of infection to a new host.