The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World: Workshop Summary
Salmonella : A group of bacteria that cause typhoid fever, food poisoning, and enteric fever from contaminated food products.
Salmonellosis: An infection with bacteria called Salmonella. Most persons infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most persons recover without treatment ( http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/salmonellosis_gi.html).
Serotype: The characterization of a microorganism based on the kinds and combinations of constituent antigens present in that organism; a taxonomic subdivision of bacteria based on the above.
Species Barrier: Difficulty or impossibility for an infectious agent to pass from one species to another (due to differences between species) ( http://www.cite-sciences.fr/lexique/definition1.php?lang=an&id_expo=15&id_habillage=28&iddef=406&idmot=179).
Stem Cell: A cell that has the potential to develop into many different cell types in the body during early life and growth ( http://stemcells.nih.gov/info/basics/basics1.asp).
Surge Capacity: A measurable representation of a health care system’s ability to manage a sudden or rapidly progressive influx of patients within the currently available resources at a given point in time ( http://www.acep.org/practres.aspx?id=29506).
Surveillance: Used in this workshop summary to refer to data collection and recordkeeping to track the emergence and spread of disease-causing organisms such as antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Syndrome: A group or recognizable pattern of symptoms or abnormalities that indicate a particular trait or disease ( http://www.genome.gov/glossary.cfm?key=syndrome).
Temporal Barrier: A barrier which blocks the movement of the entire population of an organism some of the time ( http://wdfw.wa.gov/hab/ahg/shrg/11-shrg_fish_passage_restoration.pdf).
Transmission: Process by which a pathogen passes from a source of infection to a new host.