2-6

 

How controllable is an infection?,

 

97

2-7

 

Global population size and lineages of dengue virus over time,

 

99

2-8

 

Increased mortality associated with chikungunya outbreak, India,

 

101

2-9

 

Trade and travel are key to global dissemination of disease,

 

112

2-10

 

Poultry exports from Far East Asian countries from 1961 to 2002,

 

113

2-11

 

Superimposed epidemics,

 

115

2-12

 

Food and other FDA-regulated imports to the United States,

 

119

2-13

 

Salmonella Saintpaul outbreak traceback and distribution,

 

121

2-14

 

Sequence of events—different routes of melamine-contaminated wheat gluten into the United States,

 

123

3-1

 

Movement of imported African rodents to animal distributors and distribution of prairie dogs from an animal distributor associated with human cases of monkeypox, 11 states, 2003,

 

141

3-2

 

Economic impacts of selected infectious diseases,

 

146

3-3

 

Ae. albopictus, the Asian tiger mosquito,

 

152

3-4

 

The Transatlantic Triangular Trade,

 

153

3-5

 

Containerization,

 

157

3-6

 

An infected person can travel to virtually any airport destination in the world in less than 48 hours, far shorter than the period of incubation and infectivity of vector-borne infections,

 

161

3-7

 

Relative risk of pathogen emergence,

 

167

4-1

 

Global Outbreak and Alert Network (GOARN): Institutions and members of partner networks,

 

186

4-2

 

Major distinctions between the IHR 1969 and the revised IHR 2005,

 

187

4-3

 

Requirements of the IHR 2005,

 

188

4-4

 

The international spread of polio from Nigeria, 2003-2005,

 

189

4-5

 

WHO Global Influenza Surveillance Network (GISN), July 2008,

 

191

4-6

 

Confirmed human and poultry infections since 2003,

 

192

4-7

 

Genetic diversity: H5N1 virus groups (clades) infecting humans since 2003,

 

193

4-8

 

The current pandemic alert phase of the H5N1 virus,

 

193

4-9

 

Timeline for implementation of the IHR to strengthen national capacity,

 

197

4-10

 

Decision instrument for the assessment and notification of events that may constitute a public health emergency of international concern,

 

199

4-11

 

Foreign policy functions,

 

222

4-12

 

The IHR 2005 and the functions of foreign policy,

 

223



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