Abbreviations

ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, a member-based organization for advancement of occupational and environmental health.

AEGL acute exposure guideline level

AEGL-1 The airborne concentration (expressed as ppm [parts per million] or mg/m3 [milligrams per cubic meter]) of a substance above which it is predicted that the general population, including susceptible individuals, could experience notable discomfort, irritation, or certain asymptomatic nonsensory effects. However, the effects are not disabling and are transient and reversible upon cessation of exposure.

AEGL-2 The airborne concentration (expressed as ppm or mg/m3) of a substance above which it is predicted that the general population, including susceptible individuals, could experience irreversible or other serious, long-lasting adverse health effects or an impaired ability to escape.

AEGL-3 The airborne concentration (expressed as ppm or mg/m3) of a substance above which it is predicted that the general population, including susceptible individuals, could experience life-threatening adverse health effects or death.

ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, a federal public health agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

BrF5 bromine pentafluoride

BrF3 bromine trifluoride

CEEL community emergency exposure level

ChE Cholinesterase

ClF5 chlorine pentafluoride

ClF3 chlorine trifuoride

CNS central nervous system

COHb carboxyhemoglobin

EHS extremely hazardous substance

EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ERPG emergency response planning guideline

GB nerve agent GB

h hour

HBr hydrogen bromide

HCl hydrogen chloride

HF hydrogen fluoride

HI hydrogen iodide

HSDB Hazardous Substances Data Bank

H2Se hydrogen selenide

H2SeO3 monohydrated selenium dioxide

IDLH immediately dangerous to life and health

LC01 concentration of a substance that is lethal to 1% of test organisms in a given time



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 38
Abbreviations ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, a member-based organization for advancement of occupational and environmental health. AEGL acute exposure guideline level The airborne concentration (expressed as ppm [parts per million] or mg/m3 [milligrams per AEGL-1 cubic meter]) of a substance above which it is predicted that the general population, including susceptible individuals, could experience notable discomfort, irritation, or certain asymptomatic nonsensory effects. However, the effects are not disabling and are transient and reversible upon cessation of exposure. The airborne concentration (expressed as ppm or mg/m3) of a substance above which it is AEGL-2 predicted that the general population, including susceptible individuals, could experience irreversible or other serious, long-lasting adverse health effects or an impaired ability to escape. The airborne concentration (expressed as ppm or mg/m3) of a substance above which it is AEGL-3 predicted that the general population, including susceptible individuals, could experience life- threatening adverse health effects or death. ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, a federal public health agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services BrF5 bromine pentafluoride BrF3 bromine trifluoride CEEL community emergency exposure level ChE Cholinesterase ClF5 chlorine pentafluoride ClF3 chlorine trifuoride CNS central nervous system COHb carboxyhemoglobin EHS extremely hazardous substance EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ERPG emergency response planning guideline GB nerve agent GB h hour HBr hydrogen bromide HCl hydrogen chloride HF hydrogen fluoride HI hydrogen iodide HSDB Hazardous Substances Data Bank H2Se hydrogen selenide H2SeO3 monohydrated selenium dioxide IDLH immediately dangerous to life and health LC01 concentration of a substance that is lethal to 1% of test organisms in a given time 38

OCR for page 38
LC50 concentration of a substance that is lethal to 50% of test organisms in a given time LD50 dose of a substance that is lethal to 50% of test organisms in a given time LOA level of distinct odor awareness LOAEL lowest-observed-adverse-effect level MAC maximaal aanvaarde concentratie (maximum accepted concentration) MAK maximale argeitsplatzkonzentration (maximum workplace concentration) min minute NAC National Advisory Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Hazardous Substances NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NO2 nitrogen dioxide NOAEL no-observed-adverse-effect level NOEL no-observed-effect level NRC National Research Council NTP National Toxicology Program ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory PBPK physiologically based pharmacokinetic POD point of departure ppm parts per million RBC red blood cell RD50 concentration of a substance that reduced the respiratory rate of test organisms by 50% REL reference exposure level SO2 sulfur dioxide SeF6 selenium hexafluoride SeO selenium oxide SFEMG Single Fiber Electromyography SOP standard operating procedure STEL short-term exposure limit TLV Threshold Limit Value TMB trimethylbenzene TPA 12-O-tetra-decanoly-phorbol-13-acetate TSD technical support document UF uncertainty factor WEEL workplace environmental exposure limit 39