TABLE 2-1 The SRS Research and Development Statistics Program

Survey

Universe

Description

Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development (federal funds survey)

Federal departments and agencies that conduct and/or support R&D programs

An annual census survey of the 15 federal departments, their 70 subagencies, and 15 independent agencies that conduct R&D programs. It collects information about the federal funding of R&D in the United States for three fiscal years. The survey measures federal support of, and participation in, national scientific activities in terms of obligations and outlays. Conducted since the early 1950s.

Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions (federal support survey)

Federal departments and agencies that conduct and/or support R&D programs

An annual census survey of the same agencies that respond to the federal funds survey, which report only if they had obligations for science and engineering to universities, colleges, or nonprofit institutions during the past fiscal year. Agencies report obligations separately for each academic institution and nonprofit organization they fund.

Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges (academic R&D expenditures survey)

Academic institutions with greater than $150,000 in R&D expenditures in the previous year or doctoral programs in R&D

An annual census survey that collects information on separately budgeted R&D expenditures by academic institutions in the United States and outlying areas. Conducted since FY 1972, it collects information on R&D expenditures by source of funds and by academic field using a taxonomy similar (but not identical) to the one used in the federal funds survey.

Survey of Industrial Research and Development (industrial R&D survey)

For-profit R&D-performing companies, whether publicly or privately held

An annual sample survey that intends to include or represent all for-profit R&D-performing companies, either publicly or privately held. It is the primary source of information on R&D performed by industry in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Data are collected in the technology categories of biotechnology, software, materials synthesis and processing, and others. Research in nanotechnology is separately identified and asked for in the 4 categories above. Respondents are asked to report energy R&D in areas of fossil fuels, geothermal and solar, nuclear, and all other energy sources.

Survey of State Research and Development Expenditures

State organizations and agencies that sponsor research and development

An annual census survey of 423 state organizations and state agencies that sponsor research and development. Begun in 2006, the survey measures the extent of R&D activity performed and funded by the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Data are not collected by fields of science and engineering.



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