. "Appendix E Definitions of Child and Forced Labor." Approaches to Reducing the Use of Forced or Child Labor: Summary of a Workshop on Assessing Practice. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2009.
The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
Approaches to Reducing the Use of Forced or Child Labor: Summary of a Workshop on Assessing Practice
Ritualo et al. identify a variety of large scale efforts to collect data on child labor, for example by the ILO, the World Bank, and by national countries. While these data are indeed useful to get a big picture view of child labor, a question is the degree to which these approaches are helpful vis-à-vis business practices to eliminate child or forced labor in specific situations.
economic activity is, see: Amy Ritualo, Charita Castro and Sarah Gormly, "Measuring Child Labor: Implications for Policy and Program Design", Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal v. 24 no2 (Winter 2003) p. 401-434.