an international workshop on biosecurity education held in the fall of 2009. She represents the National Academy of Sciences on the Biosecurity Working Group of the InterAcademy Panel on International Issues, which also includes the academies of China, Cuba, the Netherlands (chair), Nigeria, and the United Kingdom. She managed a joint project with the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) that has carried out a survey of AAAS members in the life sciences to provide some of the first empirical data about scientists’ knowledge of dual use issues and their attitudes toward their responsibilities to help mitigate the risks of misuse of scientific research.

From 2005-2008, Dr. Husbands was a senior project director with the Academies’ Program on Development, Security, and Cooperation. From 1991-2005 she was the director of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) of the National Academy of Sciences and its Working Group on Biological Weapons Control. In 1998-1999 she also served as the first director of the Program on Development, Security, and Cooperation in the Academies’ Office of International Affairs. From 1986-1991 she was director of the Academies’ Project on Democratization and a senior research associate for its Committee on International Conflict and Cooperation. Before joining the National Academies, she worked for several Washington, D.C.-based nongovernmental organizations focused on international security.

Dr. Husbands is currently an adjunct professor in the Security Studies Program at Georgetown University. She is a member of the Advisory Council of Women in International Security, the International Institute for Strategic Studies, the Global Agenda Council on Illicit Trade of the World Economic Forum, and the editorial board of International Studies Perspectives. She is also a fellow of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. She holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Minnesota and a master’s in international public policy (international economics) from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies.

Rita S. Guenther is a senior program associate with the Committee on International Security and Arms Control at the National Academies, where she has worked since September 2001. In her capacity as a senior program associate, Ms. Guenther has worked on several cooperative projects between U.S. and Russian scientists, including projects on the internationalization of the nuclear fuel cycle, indigenization of Russian nuclear material protection, control, and accounting programs, the future of the biosciences and biotechnology in Russia, and the Nuclear Cities Initiative. She was the project director for a joint National Academies–Russian Academies project on the Future of the Nuclear Security Environment in 2015, and she served as one of two National Academies’ staff officers responsible for the completion of the unique, fast-track consensus study, Strengthening U.S.–Russian Cooperation on Nuclear Nonproliferation. In addition to her work on joint projects with the Russian

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