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References

Ackerman, K. V., and E. T. Sundquist. 2008. Comparison of two U.S. power-plant carbon dioxide emissions data sets. Environmental Science & Technology 42(15):5688-5693.

Adams, P. N., and D. L. Inman. 2009. Climate Change and Potential Hotspots of Coastal Erosion Along the Southern California Coast—Final Report. CEC-500-2009-022-F, Sacramento, California Energy Commission.

Adger, W. N., J. Paavola, S. Huq, and M. J. Mace, eds. 2006. Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Adger, W. N., S. Agrawala, M. M. Q. Mirza, C. Conde, K. L. O’Brien, J. Pulhin, R. Pulwarty, B. Smit, and K. Takahashi. 2007. Assessment of adaptation practices, options, constraints and capacity. In Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. M. L. Parry, O. F. Canziani, J. P. Palutikof, C. E. Hanson, and P. J. Van Der Linden, eds. Cambridge:M. L. Parry, O. F. Canziani, J. P. Palutikof, C. E. Hanson, and P. J. Van Der Linden, eds. Cambridge:Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Adger, W. N., I. Lorenzoni, and K. O’Brien. 2009a. Adaptation now. In Adapting to Climate Change: Thresholds, Values, Governance. W. N. Adger, I. Lorenzoni, and K. L. O’Brien, eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Adger, W. N., S. Dessai, M. Goulden, M. Hulme, I. Lorenzoni, D. R. Nelson, L. O. Naess, J. Wolf, and A. Wreford. 2009b. Are there social limits to adaptation to climate change? Climatic Change 93(3-4):335-354.

Adler, M. D., and E. A. Posner. 2006. New Foundations of Cost-Benefit Analysis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Agrawala, S. 2004. Adaptation, development assistance and planning: Challenges and opportunities. IDS Bulletin—Institute of Development Studies 35:50-54.

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AGU (American Geophysical Union). 2009. Geoengineering the Climate System. A Position Statement of the American Geophysical Union (adopted by the AGU Council on December 13, 2009). Washington, DC: AGU.

Airame, S., J. E. Dugan, K. D. Lafferty, H. Leslie, D. A. Mcardle, and R. R. Warner. 2003. Applying ecological criteria to marine reserve design: A case study from the California Channel Islands. Ecological Applications 13 (1):S170-S184.

Akbari, H., M. Pomerantz, and H. Taha. 2001. Cool surfaces and shade trees to reduce energy use and improve air quality in urban areas. Solar Energy 70(3):295-310.

Akbari, H., S. Menon, and A. Rosenfeld. 2009. Global cooling: Increasing world-wide urban albedos to offset CO2. Climatic Change 94(3-4):275-286.

Albrecht, A., D. Schindler, K. Grebhan, U. Kohnle, and H. Mayer. 2009. Storminess over the North-Atlantic European region under climate change—a review. Allgemeine Forst Und Jagdzeitung 180(5-6):109-118.

Aldy, J. E., and R. N. Stavins. 2007. Architectures for Agreement. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

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Allan, J. D., M. A. Palmer, and N. L. Poff. 2005. Climate change and freshwater ecosystems. Pp. 272-290 in Climate Change and Biodiversity. T. E. Lovejoy and L. Hannah, eds. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Alley, R. B., J. Marotzke, W. D. Nordhaus, J. T. Overpeck, D. M. Peteet, R. A. Pielke, Jr., R. T. Pierrehumbert, P. B. Rhines, T. F. Stocker, L. D. Talley, and J. M. Wallace. 2003. Abrupt climate change. Science 299(5615):2005-2010.

Alley, W. M. 1984. The Palmer Drought Severity Index—Limitations and assumptions. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology 23:1100-1109.



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References Ackerman, K. V., and E. T. Sundquist. 2008. Comparison of two U.S. power-plant carbon dioxide emissions data sets. Envi- ronmental Science & Technology 42(15):5688-5693. Adams, P. N., and D. L. Inman. 2009. Climate Change and Potential Hotspots of Coastal Erosion Along the Southern California Coast—Final Report. CEC-500-2009-022-F, Sacramento, California Energy Commission. Adger, W. N., J. Paavola, S. Huq, and M. J. Mace, eds. 2006. Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Adger, W. N., S. Agrawala, M. M. Q. Mirza, C. Conde, K. L. O’Brien, J. Pulhin, R. Pulwarty, B. Smit, and K. Takahashi. 2007. As- sessment of adaptation practices, options, constraints and capacity. In Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. M. L. Parry, O. F. Canziani, J. P. Palutikof, C. E. Hanson, and P. J. Van Der Linden, eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Adger, W. N., I. Lorenzoni, and K. O’Brien. 2009a. Adaptation now. In Adapting to Climate Change: Thresholds, Values, Gover- nance. W. N. Adger, I. Lorenzoni, and K. L. O’Brien, eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Adger, W. N., S. Dessai, M. Goulden, M. Hulme, I. Lorenzoni, D. R. Nelson, L. O. Naess, J. Wolf, and A. Wreford. 2009b. Are there social limits to adaptation to climate change? Climatic Change 93(3-4):335-354. Adler, M. D., and E. A. Posner. 2006. New Foundations of Cost-Benefit Analysis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Agrawala, S. 2004. Adaptation, development assistance and planning: Challenges and opportunities. IDS Bulletin—Institute of Development Studies 35:50-54. Agrawal, A. 2008. The role of local institutions in adaptation to climate change. In Social Dimensions of Climate Change Workshop. Washington, DC: Social Development Department, The World Bank. Agrawal, A., and N. Perrin. 2008. Climate Adaptation, Local Institutions, and Rural Livelihoods. Ann Arbor, MI: International Forestry Resources and Institutions Program, University of Michigan. AGU (American Geophysical Union). 2009. Geoengineering the Climate System. A Position Statement of the American Geo- physical Union (adopted by the AGU Council on December 13, 2009). Washington, DC: AGU. Airame, S., J. E. Dugan, K. D. Lafferty, H. Leslie, D. A. Mcardle, and R. R. Warner. 2003. Applying ecological criteria to marine reserve design: A case study from the California Channel Islands. Ecological Applications 13 (1):S170-S184. Akbari, H., M. Pomerantz, and H. Taha. 2001. Cool surfaces and shade trees to reduce energy use and improve air quality in urban areas. Solar Energy 70(3):295-310. Akbari, H., S. Menon, and A. Rosenfeld. 2009. Global cooling: Increasing world-wide urban albedos to offset CO2. Climatic Change 94(3-4):275-286. Albrecht, A., D. Schindler, K. Grebhan, U. Kohnle, and H. Mayer. 2009. Storminess over the North-Atlantic European region under climate change—a review. Allgemeine Forst Und Jagdzeitung 180(5-6):109-118. Aldy, J. E., and R. N. Stavins. 2007. Architectures for Agreement. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. Alheit, J., and E. Hagen. 1997. Long-term climate forcing of European herring and sardine populations. Fisheries Ocean- ography 6:130-139. Allan, J. D., M. A. Palmer, and N. L. Poff. 2005. Climate change and freshwater ecosystems. Pp. 272-290 in Climate Change and Biodiversity. T. E. Lovejoy and L. Hannah, eds. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Alley, R. B., J. Marotzke, W. D. Nordhaus, J. T. Overpeck, D. M. Peteet, R. A. Pielke, Jr., R. T. Pierrehumbert, P. B. Rhines, T. F. Stocker, L. D. Talley, and J. M. Wallace. 2003. Abrupt climate change. Science 299(5615):2005-2010. Alley, W. M. 1984. The Palmer Drought Severity Index—Limitations and assumptions. Journal of Climate and Applied Me- teorology 23:1100-1109. 

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