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IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IUBS International Union of Biological Science

IWRM Integrated Water Resources Management

JI Joint Implementation

MEA Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MPAs marine protected areas

NAPAs National Adaptation Programmes of Action

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NIC National Intelligence Council

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System

NPP net primary productivity

NRC National Research Council

OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory

OMB Office of Management and Budget

PIER Public Interest Energy Research

PSAC President’s Science Advisory Committee

QDR Quadrennial Defense Review

R&D research and development

REDD Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation

RISA Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments

SARP Sector Applications Research Program

SCOPE Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment

SRM solar radiation management

START System for Analysis, Research and Training

TAO Tropical-Atmosphere Ocean

UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

USGCRP U.S. Global Change Research Program

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